The Readiness of SMEs in Bulungan to Face ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)

Nurus Soimah


ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is formed on the basis of an agreement in order to create a relationship of closer cooperation among ASEAN countries. The agreement covers four strategic, namely: (1) the achievement of a single market and a unified production base, (2) a competitive economic region, (3) equitable economic growth, and (4) integrated with the global economy. This research aimed to identify the readiness of SMEs Facing the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), which will begin to be realized in December 2015. This research is a qualitative descriptive research. The researcher took a case study on SMEs in Bulungan Regency by selecting informants by using Purposive Sampling. 36 SMEs domiciled in Bulungan Regency were taken as the research subject. The data used in this research was a combination of primary data obtained in the field through interviews and secondary data adapted from various sources as a reference for research writing. Data analysis techniques used was data reduction and validity techniques using triangulation. The result of the research shows that the problem of SMEs in Bulungan Regency is the problem of the production process, capital, marketing, and permit. Further research results indicate that Bulungan Regency Government has been trying to encourage the development of the SMEs, but the implementation of government policy is not maximized. Based on the conditions and problems faced by SMEs in Bulungan Regency, it is not ready to face the AEC.

Keywords: Readiness, SMEs, MSEs, ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)

JEL Classification: G10, G20

Full Text:



Andriyoso, A., Sufa, M. F., & Djunaidi, M. (2015). Analisis Kesiapan Industri Kreatif Menghadapi AEC 2015 Menggunakan Metode Regresi Linear Berganda (Studi Kasus Kecamatan Kliwon Kota Surakarta). Naskah Publikasi Jurusan Teknik Industri Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Retrieved from Publikasi%20/ download.

Anis, M., & Widiasari. (2015). Analisis Kesiapan Industri Kreatif Menghadapi MEA (Studi Kasus Industri Blankon di Serangan Surakarta). Jurnal Symposium Nasional Teknologi Terapan (SNTT) 3, 1-71.

Berry, A., Rodriguez, E., & Sandee, H. (2001). Small and medium enterprise dynamics in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 363–384.

Fajar, M. (2016). UMKM di Indonesia Perspektif Hukum Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Harefa, M. (2012). Kebijakan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah dan Perananya dalam Perekonomian. Disability Studies Quartely, 13(2).

Iqbal, S. (2015). SMEs Significantly Contributing to GDP. Retrieved from

Looser, S., & Wehrmeyer, W. (2015). Varieties of Capitalism and Small Business CSR: A Comparative overview. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic and Management Engineering, 9(7), 2145-2154.

Moleong, L.J. (2007). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Rahadi, R. A. (2016). Opportunities and Challenges for Micro-Small and Medium Business in Indonesia Facing ASEAN Economic Community. Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan, 18(1), 45-53

Robiyanto., Hersugondo., & Chotijah, G.S. (2016). ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and Economic Stability: A Review from Indonesia’s Side. International Journal of Economic Research, 13(2), 603-611.

Setiawan, H. (2015). Kesiapan UMKM dalam Menghadapi MEA 2015 (Studi pada UMKM di Sentra Industri kripik Jalan Pagar Alam Kota Bandar Lampung). Skripsi. Manajemen. Universitas Lampung. Retrieved from download.

Stigler, J.G. (1971). The Theory of Economics Regulation. The Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 2(1), 3-21.

Tambunan, T.T.H. (2013). Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (ASEAN Economic Community) 2015: Peluang dan Tantangan Bagi UMKM Indonesia. Jakarta: Active Team Indonesia (Tim Aktif Kadin Indonesia).

Undang – Undang No 20 Tahun 2008 Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 2086-1575  E-ISSN: 2502-7115

SHERPA/RoMEO LogoMoraref

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.