PENERAPAN PROGRAM PENDIDIKAN BERBASIS KEUNGGULAN LOKAL DI SMK

Warman .

Abstract


Abstract: Educational Program Based on Local Potential at a Vocational School. This is a descrip­tive-qualitative study implementing an educational program based on local potential at Fisheries Study Programe. The study was carried out at Vocational School II, Bontang. The results show three main is­sues. First, the application of Educational Program Based on Local Wisdoms at the Fisheries Study Program at Vocational School II, Bontang already met the national educational standards, but not able to manage the natural resources of fisheries. Second, the problems surfacing include the lack of support­ing facilities, the lack of interests in entrepreneurship and fishing industry among the alumni, and the unintensive coordination between educational providers and policy makers. Third, the planning for fu­ture improvements include completing the necessary infrastructure, maximizing the potential in coop­eration with the industry, promoting fishery products at important events, improving the competence of the students, participating in local and national level competitions, fostering entrepreneurial spirit by giving entrepreneurship training to the teachers and the students, and organizing industrial practices out­side of East Borneo.

Keywords: fisheries education programe, fishery industry, entrepreneurship, local potential 

Abstrak: Penerapan Program Pendidikan Berbasis Keunggulan Lokal di SMK. Penelitian ini bertu­juan mendeskripsikan penerapan dan hasil penyelenggaraan program Pendidikan Berbasis Keunggulan Lokal (PBKL) perikanan, mengetahui masalah yang dihadapi dalam menerapkan program PBKL peri­kanan, dan merencanakan perbaikan ke depan. Metode penelitian deskriptif, pendekatan kualitatif. Lokasi penelitian di SMK Negeri 2 Bontang. Objek penelitian warga sekolah dan pengawas sekolah. Teknik pengumpulan data: observasi, wawancara, dokumentasi, dan focus group discussion. Analisis data: reduksi data, display data, dan penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) penerapan program PBKL perikanan di SMK Negeri 2 Bontang sudah memenuhi standar nasional pendidikan, namun hasilnya belum mampu mengelola potensi sumber daya alam perikanan; (2) masalah yang diha­dapi: kurangnya fasilitas pendukung, minat alumni berwirausaha masih kurang, industri perikanan masih sangat kurang, para penyelenggara pendidikan dan para pembuat kebijakan belum berkoordinasi secara intensif; (3) rencana perbaikan ke depan: melengkapi sarana dan prasarana, memaksimalkan potensi, bekerjasama dengan dunia industri, mempromosikan hasil perikanan, meningkatkan kompetensi siswa, memupuk jiwa wirausaha, menyelenggarakan praktik industri ke luar Kalimantan Timur.

Kata kunci: program pendidikan, keunggulan lokal perikanan


Keywords


program pendidikan, keunggulan lokal perikanan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jip.v21i1.6491

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