Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Learning Motivation in College Students on Choice of Majors at State Universities

Daud Effendi, Erna Multahada

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to discover the influence of intrinsic and extrinsic learning motivation in college students on choices of majors at state universities. Participants consisted of 556 students (in their first and third semesters, with an age range of 18-21 years) in the Faculty of Da’wa Science and Communication Science at a state university. Data on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation obtained through non-random sampling utilized a scale adapted from Harter, while choice of majors data employed a Likert scale derived from theory of determination. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on students’ choice of majors. Our results showed that extrinsic and intrinsic learning motivation have significant influence on choice of majors at state universities. Intrinsic and extrinsic learning motivation in college students contributed approximately 10.5% toward choice of majors, with a high significance level (p = 0.000). Intrinsic learning motivation had greater influence on choice of majors, with a beta value of 106.9, whereas extrinsic learning motivation had a beta value of 85.

Key Words: extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, students, choice of majors

 

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan pengaruh motivasi belajar intrinsik dan ekstrinsik mahasiswa pada mata kuliah pilihan jurusan di perguruan tinggi negeri. Peserta terdiri dari 556 mahasiswa (di semester pertama dan ketiga, dengan rentang usia 18-21 tahun) di Fakultas Ilmu Dakwah dan Ilmu Komunikasi di sebuah universitas negeri. Data motivasi intrinsik dan ekstrinsik yang diperoleh melalui pengambilan sampel non acak menggunakan skala yang disesuaikan dengan Harter, sedangkan data pilihan jurusan menggunakan skala Likert yang berasal dari teori determinasi. Analisis regresi linier berganda digunakan untuk mengetahui pengaruh motivasi intrinsik dan ekstrinsik terhadap pilihan jurusan mahasiswa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa motivasi belajar ekstrinsik dan intrinsik berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pilihan jurusan di perguruan tinggi negeri. Motivasi belajar intrinsik dan ekstrinsik pada mahasiswa memberikan kontribusi sekitar 10,5% terhadap pilihan jurusan, dengan tingkat signifikansi yang tinggi (p = 0.000). Motivasi belajar intrinsik memiliki pengaruh yang lebih besar terhadap pilihan jurusan, dengan nilai beta 106,9, sedangkan motivasi belajar ekstrinsik memiliki nilai beta 85.

Kata kunci: motivasi ekstrinsik, motivasi intrinsik, siswa, pilihan jurusan


Keywords


extrinsic motivation; intrinsic motivation; students; choice of majors

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um030v5i12017p015

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