PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN RECIPROCAL TEACHING DIPADU THINK PAIR SHARE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS V

M. Misbachul Huda, Herawati Susilo, Cholis Sa’dijah

Abstract


This research aims to describe implementation of combined reciprocal teaching and think pair share to increase critical thinking skills and student learning outcomes in science. The study design was a classroom action research. The subject was 5th graders (B) Al Hikmah Surabaya Elementary School. The results showed that the learning process reach very well criteria. Critical thinking skills of students has increased. Indicators of critical thinking skills include interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self regulation. Student learning outcomes increased in the attitudes aspect, knowledge, and skills. This reaearch concluded that the combined reciprocal teaching and think pair share can increased critical thinking skills and student learning outcomes.

Tujuan penelitian adalah mendeskripsikan keterlaksanaan pembelajaran reciprocal teaching dipadu think pair share untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan hasil belajar pelajaran IPA. Rancangan penelitian adalah penelitian tindakan kelas. Kancah penelitian pada kelas VB SD Al Hikmah Surabaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pembelajaran terlaksana dengan kriteria sangat baik. Keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa mengalami peningkatan. Indikator keterampilan bepikir kritis mencakup interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, dan self regulation. Hasil belajar siswa mengalami peingkatan pada aspek sikap, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran Reciprocal Teaching dipadu Think Pair Share dapat meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan hasil belajar siswa.


Keywords


implementation; reciprocal teaching; think pair share; critical thinking skills; learning outcomes; penerapan; reciprocal teaching; think pair share; keterampilan berpikir kritis; hasil belajar

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggareni, N. W., Ristiati, N. P., & Widiyanti, N. L. P. M. 2013. Implementasi Strategi Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Pemahaman Konsep IPA SISWA SMP. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha. Volume 3 tahun 2013, (http://119.252.161.254/e-journal/index.php/jurnal_ipa/article/viewFile/752/538, diakses 24 Maret 2017).

As’ari, A.R. 2014. Ideas for Developing Critical Thinking at Primary School Level. Dalam Seminar Internasional Addressing Higher Order Thinking: Critical Thinking Issues in Primary Education. Di Selenggarakan oleh Universitas Muhammadiyah Makasar, 12—13 April 2014. Diakses dari https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273634746_Ideas_for_Developing_Critical_Thinking_at_Primary_School_Level

Efendi, N. 2013. Pengaruh Pembelajaran Reciprocal Teaching dipadukan Think Pair Share terhadap Peningkatan Kemampuan Metakognitif Belajar Biologi Siswa SMA Berkemampuan Akademik Berbeda di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Jurnal Santiaji Pendidikan, 3 (2):85—109.

Facione, P. A. 2015. Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts. Insight Assessment. (Online) Diakses dari http://www.insightassessment.com/pdf_files/what&why2006.pdf

Ismiati, L. 2011. Pengaruh Strategi Belajar TPS, Reciprocal Teaching, dan Integrasinya terhadap hasil Belajar Kognitif dan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Berkemampuan Akademik Berbeda di R-SMA-BI Batu. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Lie, A. 2008. Cooperative Learning: Mempraktikkan Cooperative Learning di Ruang-Ruang Kelas. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Palincsar, A. & Brown, A. 1984. Reciprocal Teaching Of Comprehension-Fostering and Comprehension-Monitoring Activities. Cognition and Instruction, 1 (2):117—175.

Partnership for 21st Century skills. 2009. Learning Environments: A 21st Century Skills Implentation Guide. (Online), (www.p21.org/storage/.../p21-stateimp_learning_environments.pdf, diakses 2 November 2016).

Peter, E E. 2012. Critical Thinking: Essence for Teaching Mathematics and Mathematics Problem Solving Skill. African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research, 5(3): 39—43.

Piaget, J. 1959. The Growth of Logical Thinking from Childhood fo Adolescence. New York: Basic Books

Richmond, J. E. D. 2007. Bringing Critical Thinking to The Education of Developing Country Professionals. Journal International Education. 8 (1):1—29.

Pujiono, S. 2012. Berpikir Kritis dalam Literasi Membaca dan Menulis untuk Memperkuat Jati Diri Bangsa. Prosiding PIBSI XXXIV, Oktober 2012: 778 –783. (online). http://staff.uny.ac.id/sites/default/files/penelitian/Setyawan%20Pujiono,%20M.Pd./Berpikir%20Kritis%20dalam%20Pembel%20Membaca%20dan%20Menulis%20(Prisiding%20%20PIBSI pdf, diakses 23 Maret 2017).

Sa’dijah, C. 2011. Kemampuan Partisipasi dan Kerjasama Siswa dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Beracuan Konstruktivis dengan Setting Kooperatif. Makalah disajikan pada seminar nasional matematika dan pendidikan matematika, matematika membangun insan kritis dan kreatif. Disajikan di Surabaya pada 22 Oktober 2011.

Sele, Y., Sri Endah Indriwati., & Aloysius Duran Corebima. 2016. Mengungkap Potensi Strategi Pembelajaran Reciprocal Teaching Dipadu Think Pair Share Dalam Memberdayakan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA. Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional II Tahun 2016, Kerjasama Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP dengan Pusat Studi Lingkungan dan Kependudukan (PSLK) Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang, 26 Maret 2016. (Online), (http://research-report.umm.ac.id/index.php/research-report/article/viewFile/626/836, diakses 1 november 2016)

Sholihah, M., Siti Zubaidah., & Susriyati Mahanal. 2016. Memberdayakan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa dengan Model Pembelajaran Reading Concept Map-Reciprocal Teaching (REMAP RT). Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, (Online), 1 (4):628—633, (http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jptpp/article/viewFile/6208/2643, diakses 4 Oktober 2016).

Snyder, L G., & Snyder M J. 2008. Teaching Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills. The Delta Pi Epsilon Journal, L (2):90—99.

Susilo, Herawati. 2011. Blended Learning untuk Menyiapkan Siswa Hidup di Abad 21. Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Blended Learning di Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, 13 November 2011. (Online),

(https://www.scribd.com/document_downloads/direct/73445705?extension=pdf&ft=1479825175&lt=1479828785&user_id=228532698&uahk=JEf8/4WcXVDWhAL2Mfr/7yuWzjk, diakses 01 November 2016).

Wijaya, A. 2012. Pendidikan Matematika Realistik “Suatu Alternatif Pendekatan Pembelajaran Matematika. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i10.10075

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 M. Misbachul Huda, Herawati Susilo, Cholis Sa’dijah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License