Pengalaman Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama terhadap Kinerja Akademik di Pendidikan Tinggi

Moesarofah Moesarofah

Abstract


Higher education is an important factor in development in Indonesia. Higher education makes a real contribution to national development in order to improve the progress and welfare of society, if higher education able to produce skilled human resources, it will be able to meet the needs of the community or can be a solution to the real problems faced by the community. The aim of this study is to build a framework through subjective interpretation of the academic performance of students in the first year Prodi Guidance and Counseling FKIP University PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, and implement academic performance to achieve academic success. The researchers used a phenomenological approach. The study participants were 10 first year students of Guidance and Counseling Program of FKIP University of PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya TA. 2016-2017. Sampling is done purposively, data collection through observation and interview, data analysis using data reduction method. The result of the research shows that there is a meaning of multi-dimensional academic performance, not merely achievement in the form of value / GPA, but also contained personal competence and social competence. The implications for achieving high academic performance are not enough to hone intellectual or analytical skills, but also personal competencies such as motivation, effort, self-regulation that will shape individual habits and personalities in addition to the need for support and empowerment from others.

Pendidikan tinggi merupakan faktor penting dalam pembangunan di Indonesia. Pendidikan tinggi memberikan kontribusi nyata terhadap pembangunan nasional dalam upaya meningkatkan kemajuan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat, jika pendidikan tinggi mampu menghasilkan sumber daya manusia yang terampil, maka akan dapat memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat atau dapat menjadi solusi bagi permasalahan nyata yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu membangun kerangka kerja melalui pemaknaan subjektif tentang kinerja akademik mahasiswa di tahun pertama Prodi Bimbingan dan Konseling FKIP Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya, serta mengimplementasikan kinerja akademik untuk mencapai keberhasilan akademik. Peneliti menggunakan pendekatan fenomenologis. Partisipan penelitian adalah 10 orang mahasiswa tahun pertama Prodi Bimbingan dan Konseling FKIP Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya TA. 2016-2017. Sampling dilakukan secara purposive, pengumpulan data melalui observasi dan wawancara, analisis data menggunakan metode reduksi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pemaknaan tentang kinerja akademik yang bersifat multi-dimensi, tidak sekedar pencapaian dalam bentuk nilai/IPK, tetapi terkandung kompetensi pribadi maupun kompetensi sosial. Implikasinya untuk mencapai kinerja akademik yang tinggi, tidak cukup sekedar mengasah kemampuan intelektual atau analitis, tetapi dibutuhkan pula kompetensi pribadi seperti motivasi, usaha, regulasi diri yang akan membentuk habit dan kepribadian individual di samping perlunya dukungan dan penguatan dari orang lain.


Keywords


academic performance; higher education; phenomenological studies; data reduction analysis; kinerja akademik; pendidikan tinggi; studi fenomenologi; analisis reduksi data

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v3i1.10357

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JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

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