Evaluasi Latihan Kondisi Fisik Atlet Bulutangkis dan Latihan Olahraga Pelajar Jawa Tengah

Khalida Nawa Aprilia, Agus Kristiyanto, Muchsin Doewes

Abstract


Abstract: Background of this research is to know systematic exercise program physical condition of athletes PPLOP Badminton Central Java by applying the principles of practice. The research method used in this research is program evaluation research. The subjects in this study were athletes and trainers of PPLOP Badminton Central Java consisting of 2 trainers, 4 male athletes and 4 female athletes. The results of the Physical Condition Exercise Evaluation Study are: First, the results of interviews show that for the principle of recovery less exercise be noticed. Second, the results of observations showed that of the training program came in the good criteria of 81.83%. However, observation table showed that on the principle of recovery and overload shows the value is still in the low criteria that is to overload 69.37% and for recovery 69.13% so for the principle of overload and recovery in the exercise program must get improvement. Third, the result of improvement of physical condition after get improvement on physical exercise program through overload principle and recovery principle are as follows: Analysis of preliminary test data and final test with db = N - k = 8 - 1 = 7 and 5% significance level, the limit number of rejection of the null hypothesis in ttable is 2.37 and tcount is 9.23, thitung>ttable means there is significant difference in initial test and final test on physical condition improvement with an increase of 12,412%. The conclusion of this research is that the improvement of physical exercise program implementation of PPLOP Badminton athletes in Central Java will be maximal if applying whole practice principles.

Abstrak: Latar belakang penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui sistematika program latihan kondisi fisik atlet Bulutangkis Jawa Tengah dengan menerapkan prinsip-prinsip latihan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah evaluasi program.  Subjek penelitian adalah atlet dan pelatih Bulutangkis Jawa Tengah terdiri ats dua pelatih, empat atlet putra, dan empat atlet putri. Hasil penelitian Studi Evaluasi Latihan Kondisi Fisik. Pertama, hasil wawancara menunjukkan prinsip recovery kurang diperhatikan. Kedua, hasil observasi menunjukkan program latihan yang diterapkan masuk kriteria baik 81,83%. Akan tetapi, tabel observasi menunjukkan prinsip recovery dan overload masuk kriteria rendah yaitu overload 69.37% dan recovery 69.13%, sehingga prinsip overload dan recovery harus mendapatkan perbaikan. Ketiga, hasil peningkatan kondisi fisik setelah mendapatkan perbaikan melalui prinsip overload dan recovery adalah: analisis data tes awal dan tes akhir dengan db = N - k = 8 - 1 = 7 dan taraf signifikansi 5%, angka batas penolakan hipotesis nol dalam t tabel sebesar 2.37 dan thitung sebesar 9.23, maka thitung > ttabel berati terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada tes awal dan tes akhir pada perbaikan kondisi fisik atlet dengan peningkatan sebesar 12.412%. Kesimpulan penelitian ini bahwa perbaikan penerapan program latihan kondisi fisik atlet Bulutangkis Jawa Tengah akan lebih maksimal apabila menerapkan keseluruhan prinsip-prinsip latihan.


Keywords


badminton; physical condition; principles of practice; bulutangkis; kondisi fisik

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v3i4.10743

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JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


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