Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa SMAN 1 Gondang pada Materi Kalor dengan Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah

Aprilita Ekasari, Markus Diantoro, Parno Parno

Abstract


Abstract: This mixed method study aims to determine the improvement of problem solving skills of students related to the topic of heat which learn using the problem-based learning model. The subjects of the study were 36 students of class XI MIPA 2 SMAN 1 Gondang. It is shown that the ability of problem solving students experienced a significant increase of N-gain average score of 0.41 entry in the category of medium, and effect size 1.66 (very strong category). In addition, students' problem solving skills have positive changes at the stage, defining problems: problem schemes, understanding casual relationships in the problem, arguing to learn problem solving, and analogy of problems.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah siswa terkait topik kalor yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah . Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas XI MIPA 2 SMAN 1 Gondang sebanyak 36 anak. Model penelitian yang digunakan adalah mixed methods. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah siswa mengalami kenaikan yang signifikan yaitu N-gain skor rata-rata sebesar 0,41 masuk dalam kategori sedang, dan effect size 1,66 (kategori sangat kuat). Selain itu kemampuan pemecahan masalah siswa mengalami perubahan yang positif pada tahap, mendefinisikan masalah: problem scema, memahami hubungan casual dalam masalah, argumentasi untuk mempelajari pemecahan masalah, serta menganalogikan masalah


Keywords


problem solving skill; heat; problem-based learning; kemampuan pemecahan masalah; kalor; pembelajaran berbasis masalah

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adolphus, T., Alamina, J., & Aderonmu, T. (2013). The Effects of Collaborative Learning on Problem Solving Abilities Among Senior Secondary School Physics Students In Simple Harmonic Motion. Journal of Education And Practice, 4 (25), 95–101.

Çalışkan, S., Selçuk, G. S., & Erol, M. (2010). Instruction of Problem Solving Strategies: Effects on Physics Attitude. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy, 4 (2), 281–295.

Cankoy, O., & Darbaz, S. (2010). Effect of A Problem Posing Based Problem Solving Instruction. H.U Journal Of Education, 38(11–24), 24–27.

Docktor, J. L., & Mestre, J. P. (2014). Synthesis of Discipline-Based Education Research In Physics, 20119, 1–58. https://doi.org/10.1103/Physrevstper.10.020119.

Doyan, A., & Sukmantara, I. K. Y. (2014). Pengembangan Web Intranet Fisika untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep dan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 10 (2), 117–127. https://doi.org/10.15294/Jpfi.V10i2.3348.

Dwi, I. M., Arif, H., & Sentot, K. (2013). Pengaruh Strategi Problem Based Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education), 9 (1), 8–17. https://doi.org/issn : 16931246.

Hake, R. R. (1998). Interactive-Engagement Versus Traditional Methods : A Six-Thousand-Student Survey Of Mechanics Test Data for Introductory Physics Courses Interactive-Engagement Versus Traditional Methods : A Six-Thousand-Student Survey of Mechanics Test Data for Introduc, 66 (1). https://doi.org/10.1119/1.18809.

Hwang, G. J., Hung, C. M., & Chen, N. S. (2014). Improving Learning Achievements, Motivations and Problem-Solving Skills Through A Peer Assessment-Based Game Development Approach. Educational Technology Research And Development, 62(2), 129–145. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11423-013-9320-7.

Jonassen, D. H. (2011). Learning To Solve Problem. New York and London: Taylor and Francis Groub.

Kumar, R., & Refaei, B. (2013). Designing A Problem-Based Learning Intermediate Composition Course. College Teaching, 61(3), 67–73.

Leech, N. L., Barrett, K. C., & Morgan, G. A. (2005). SPSS for Intermediate Statistics: Use and Interprestation (Second Edi). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Lozano, E., Gracia, J., Corcho, O., Noble, R. A., & Peres, A. G. (2015). Problem-Based Learning Supported By Semantic Techniques. Interactive Learning Environments, 23 (1), 37–54. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2012.745431.

Maliki, I. M. Al, Hidayat, A., & Sutopo. (2017). Topik Suhu dan Kalor melalui Pembelajaran Cognitive Apprenticeship, 304–308.

Mettas, A. C., & Constantinou, C. C. (2008). The Technology Fair: A Project-Based Learning Approach for Enhancing Problem Solving Skills and Interest In Design And Technology Education. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 18 (1), 79–100. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10798-006-9011-3.

Morgan, G. A., Leech, N. L., Gloeckner, G. W., & Barrett, K. C. (2004). Spss for Introductory Statistics Use and Interpretation (Second Edi). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Neo, M., & Neo, T. K. (2005). A Multimedia-Enhanced Problem-Based Learning Experience In The Malaysian Classroom. Learning, Media And Technology, 30(1), 41–53. Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/13581650500075553.

Nurcahyo, A. W., & Yuliati, L. (2017). Gerak Newton Mahasiswa melalui Pembelajaran Cooperative Problem Solving, (2015), 963–970.

Prihartanti, D., Yuliati, L., & Wisodo, H. (2017). Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa pada Konsep Impuls, Momentum, dan Teorema Impuls Momentum, 1149–1159.

Selcuk, G., Çalişkan, S., & Erol, M. (2008). The Effects of Problem Solving Instruction on Physics Achievement, Problem Solving Performance and Strategy Use. Latin American Journal of Physics Education, 2(3), 161–166. Retrieved from http://www.journal.lapen.org.mx/Sep08/Lajpe_191_Selcuk_F.Pdf.

Sujarwanto, E., & Hidayat, A. (2014). Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Fisika pada Modeling Instruction pada Siswa SMA Kelas XI, 3 (1), 65–78. Diperoleh dari http://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/jpii%kemampuan.

Susiana, N., Yuliati, L., & Latifah, E. (2018). Pengaruh Interactive Demonstration terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa Kelas X pada Materi Hukum Newton, (2001), 312–315.

Taale, K. D. (2011). Improving Physics Problem Solving Skills of Students of Somanya Senior High Secondary Technical School In The Yilo Krobo District of Eastern Region of Ghana. Journal of Education and Practice, 2 (6), 8–21. Retrieved from http://www.iiste.org/journals/index.php/jep/article/view/522/408.

Yeung, E., Au-Yeung, S., Chiu, T., Mok, N., & Lai, P. (2003). Problem Design in Problem-Based Learning: Evaluating Students’ Learning And Self-Directed Learning Practice. Innovations In Education and Teaching International, 40 (3), 237–244. https://doi.org/10.1080/1470329032000103762.

Yu, K. C., Fan, S. C., & Lin, K. Y. (2015). Enhancing Students’ Problem-Solving Skills Through Context-Based Learning. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13(6),1377–1401. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10763-014-9567-4.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v3i5.11001

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Aprilita Ekasari, Markus Diantoro, Parno Parno

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License