Analisis Kesalahan Siswa Field Independent dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Aritmatika Sosial dengan Model Skema Fong beserta Scaffoldingnya

Ulfa Rahmawati, Sudirman Sudirman, Sisworo Sisworo


Abstract: This study aims to analyze the errors of VIIC SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Malang field independent students in solving social arithmetic problems based on Fong’s schematic model and its scaffolding. Two subjects were selected after they did GEFT and social arithmetic tests. The results of this study show thatthe independent field students' errors are incomplete schema without any errors (E3), incomplete schema with errors (E4), and complete schema with errors (E5). The level 2 errors that were made in E4 and E5 are operational and psychological errors. The scaffolding that were used in overcoming those errors are reviewing and restructuring.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kesalahan siswa field independent kelas VIIC SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Malang dalam menyelesaikan soal aritmatika sosial berdasarkan model skema Fong beserta scaffolding-nya. Dua subjek penelitian terpilih setelah dilakukan tes GEFT dan tes aritmatika sosial. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan siswa dengan gaya kognitif field independent adalah skema tidak lengkap tanpa kesalahan (E3), skema tidak lengkap dengan kesalahan (E4), dan skema lengkap dengan kesalahan (E5). Kesalahan tingkat II yang terjadi pada E4 dan E5 adalah kesalahan operasional dan kesalahan psikologis. Scaffolding yang digunakan dalam mengatasi kesalahan siswa tersebut adalah reviewing dan restructuring.


error analysis; analisis kesalahan; model skema fong; scaffolding

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