Proses Berpikir Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Higher Order Thinking Skills Berdasarkan Pemahaman Konseptual dan Prosedural

Puji Astuti, Abdul Qohar, Erry Hidayanto

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to describe the thinking process of students in solving Higher Order Thinking Skills problems based on conceptual and procedural understanding. This type of research is descriptive research. The subject of this study was the eighth-grade students of Ma’arif 3 Islamic Middle School Malang. The results of the study were obtained (1) Based on the conceptual understanding of the subject did not meet the indicators presenting concepts in various forms of mathematics, but fulfilling the indicators rewrite the concepts that had been studied and could apply the concepts algorithmically. (2) Based on procedural understanding the subject meets the indicators of choosing the right procedure in solving the problem, but it is not appropriate to know when and how to use the procedure and apply the procedure chosen to solve the problem.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan proses berpikir siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal Higher Order Thinking Skills berdasarkan pemahaman konseptual dan prosedural. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Islam Ma’arif 3 Malang. Hasil penelitian diperoleh (1) berdasarkan pemahaman konseptual subjek belum memenuhi indikator mempresentasikan konsep dalam berbagai bentuk matematika, tetapi memenuhi indikator menuliskan kembali konsep yang telah dipelajari dan dapat menerapkan konsep secara algoritma; (2) berdasarkan pemahaman prosedural subjek memenuhi indikator memilih prosedur yang tepat dalam menyelesaikan masalah, namun kurang tepat dalam mengetahui kapan dan bagaimana menggunakan prosedur tersebut dan mengaplikasikan prosedur yang dipilih untuk memecahkan masalah.


Keywords


thought process; higher order thinking skills questions; conceptual understanding; procedural understanding proses berpikir; soal higher order thinking skills; pemahaman konseptual; pemahaman prosedural

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bakar, N. B., & Bakry. (2015). The Process of Thinking among Junior High School Students in Solving HOTS Question. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 4(3), 138–45.

Claudia, L. F. (2017). Pemahaman Konseptual dan Keterampilan Prosedural Siswa Kelas VIII Melalui Media Flash Player. Prosiding SI MaNIs (Seminar Nasional Integrasi Matematika dan Nilai Islami), 1(1), 26–31.

Creswell, J. W. (2010). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed Method.

Fitriyani., & Suhendri, H. (2008). Pengaruh Metode Resitasi terhadap Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Siswa. Prosiding Diskusi Panel Nasional Pendidikan Matematika. Fakultas Teknik, Matematika, dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Indraprasta PGRI, 150–159.

Haghverdi, M., & Wiest, L. R. (2016). The Effect of Contextual and Conceptual Rewording on Mathematical Problem-Solving Performance. The Mathematics Educator, 25(1), 56–73.

Herper, J. L. (2007). The Uses of Computer Algebra Systems in a Procedural Algebra Course to Facilitate a Framework Dor Procedural Inderstanding. https://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/1433.

Krathwohl, D. R. (2002). A Revision of Bloom'S Taxonomy, 41(4), 212–19.

Laswadi., Kusumah, Y. S., Darwis, S., Afgani, J. D. (2016). Developing Conceptual Understanding and Procedural Fluency for Junior High School Students through Model-Facilitated Learning (MFL). European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 4(1), 67–74.

Nugroho, R. H. (2018). Higher Order Thinking Skills. Jakarta: Gramedia Widyasrana Indonesia.

Porter, M. K., & Masingila, J. O. (2009). Examining the Effects of Writing on Conceptual and Procedural. Educational Studies, 42(2), 165–77. DOI https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004166811047

Sa’dijah, C., Qohar, A., & Anwar, L. (2017). Asesmen Dalam Pembelajaran Matematika yang Mendukung Sikap, Pengetahuan, dan Keterampilan Matematika. Universitas Negeri Malang.

Saido, G. M., Siraj, S., Nordin, A. B. B., & Amedy, O. S. A. (2015). Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Secondary School Students in Science Learning. The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Science, 3(3), 13–20.

Siregar, N. R. (2017). Persepsi Siswa pada Pelajaran Matematika: Studi Pendahuluan pada Siswa yang Menyenangi Game. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah X Ikatan Psikologi Perkembangan Indonesia: 224–32.

Star, Jon R. (2016). Reconceptualizing Procedural Knowledge. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 36(5), 404–411.

Tanujaya, B., Mumu, Jeinne., & Margono, G. (2017). The Relationship between Higher Order Thinking Skills and Academic Performance of Student in Mathematics Instruction. International Education Studies, 10(11), 78–85. DOI:10.5539/ies.v10n11p78.

Teimourtash, M. & YazdaniMoghaddam, M. (2017). On the Plausibility of Bloom’s Higher Order Thinking Strategies on Learner Autonomy: The Paradigm Shift. Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education, 2(1), 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40862-017-0037-8

Thompson, T. (2008). Mathematics Teachers’ Interpretation of Higher-Order Thinking in Bloom Taxonomy. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 3(2).

Walle, J. A. (2008). Sekolah Dasar dan Menengah Matematika Pengembangan Pengajaran. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Winarni., Setyo, E., & Harmini, S. (2016). Matematika untuk PGSD. Jakarta: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v4i1.11910

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Puji Astuti, Abdul Qohar, Erry Hidayanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License