Kesulitan Siswa Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Hukum Newton

Muh. Rozaqul Fadlli, Sutopo Sutopo, Wartono Wartono

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to determine the difficulties students have in Newton's Law. The research method used descriptive qualitative. The subject of this study was the X MIPA which amounted to 102 students. Data collection was done by giving multiple choice reasoned and interviews. The analysis employed descriptive percentages. Tests for Newton's Law consisted of three items. The problem used in this study was the inertia of objects, identifying the forces acting on falling objects and the large force of interaction between two objects. The results showed that students' understanding of the three questions included the low category. Students are still having difficulty in understanding the inertia of objects, still having difficulty in identifying any style that works on falling objects and also students still cannot determine the style of interaction between two objects.

 

Abstrak: Tujuan dalam penulisan artikel ini untuk mengetahui kesulitan yang dimiliki siswa pada materi Hukum Newton. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif. Subjek yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini kelas X MIPA yang berjumlah 102 siswa. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan pemberian soal pilihan ganda beralasan dan wawancara.  Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan deskriptif persentase. Tes materi hukum newton terdiri dari 3 butir soal. dalam penelitian ini soal yang digunakan adalah kelembaman pada benda, mengidentifikasi gaya yang bekerja pada benda jatuh dan besar gaya interaksi antara dua benda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemahaman siswa pada ketiga soal termasuk kategori rendah. Siswa masih kesulitan dalam memaknai kelembaman pada benda, kesulitan dalam identifikasi gaya apa saja yang bekerja pada benda jatuh dan juga siswa masih belum bisa menentukan besar gaya interaksi antara dua benda.


Keywords


mastery of concept; penguasaan konsep fisika; hukum newton; kesultan siswa sma

References


Astrina, Sinthya, Stepanus Sahala, And Erwina Oktavianty. 2014. “Remediasi Miskonsepsi Siswa Pada Materi Hukum Newton Menggunakan Jigsaw Berbantuan Booklet Kelas Viii Smp.” Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran 3(1).

Docktor, Jennifer L. And José P. Mestre. 2014. “Synthesis Of Discipline-Based Education Research In Physics.” Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research 10(2):020119.

Elmehdi, H., S. Pistorius, And B. M. Suleiman. 2013. “Difficulties Faced By College Students In Introductory Physics. A Case Study.” Journal Of Physic Education 29(1):7.

Halliday, David, Robert Resnick, And Kenneth S. Krane. 2001. “Physics, Volume 1.” Physics, Volume 1, By David Halliday, Robert Resnick, Kenneth S. Krane, Pp. 624. ISBN 0-471-32057-9. Wiley-VCH, March 2001. 624.

Hassouny, El Hassan El, Fatiha Kaddari, Abdelrhani Elachqar, And Anouar Alami. 2014. “Teaching/Learning Mechanics In High School With The Help Of Dynamic Software.” Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences 116:4617–21.

Heckler, Andrew F. 2010. “Some Consequences Of Prompting Novice Physics Students To Construct Force Diagrams.” International Journal Of Science Education 32(14):1829–51.

Jayanti, Ida Bagus Rini, Wartono Wartono, And Sutopo Sutopo. 2016. “Dampak Program Resitasi Terhadap Perubahan Konseptual Mahasiswa Pada Topik Hukum III Newton.” Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan 1(2):256–264.

Kim, Eunsook And Sung-Jae Pak. 2002. “Students Do Not Overcome Conceptual Difficulties After Solving 1000 Traditional Problems.” American Journal Of Physics 70(7):759–765.

Maries, Alexandru And Chandralekha Singh. 2013. “To Use Or Not To Use Diagrams: The Effect Of Drawing A Diagram In Solving Introductory Physics Problems.” Pp. 282–285 In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1513. AIP.

Narjaikaew, Pattawan. 2013. “Alternative Conceptions Of Primary School Teachers Of Science About Force And Motion.” Procedia-Social And Behavioral Sciences 88:250–257.

Nurcahyo, Agung Wahyu, Wartono Wartono, And Lia Yuliati. 2017. “Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Hukum Gerak Newton Mahasiswa Melalui Pembelajaran Cooperative Problem Solving.” Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan 2(7):963–70.

Palmer, David. 2001. “Students’ Alternative Conceptions And Scientifically Acceptable Conceptions About Gravity.” International Journal Of Science Education 23(7):691–706.

Rosenblatt, Rebecca And Andrew F. Heckler. 2011. “Systematic Study Of Student Understanding Of The Relationships Between The Directions Of Force, Velocity, And Acceleration In One Dimension.” Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research 7(2):020112.

Rosengrant, David, Alan Van Heuvelen, And Eugenia Etkina. 2009. “Do Students Use And Understand Free-Body Diagrams?” Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research 5(1):010108.

Savinainen, Antti, Asko Mäkynen, Pasi Nieminen, And Jouni Viiri. 2012. “An Intervention Using An Interaction Diagram For Teaching Newton’s Third Law In Upper Secondary School.” Pp. 123–128 In Physics Alive. Proceedings Of The GIREP-EPEC 2011 Conference.

Savinainen, Antti, Asko Mäkynen, Pasi Nieminen, And Jouni Viiri. 2013. “Does Using A Visual-Representation Tool Foster Students’ Ability To Identify Forces And Construct Free-Body Diagrams?” Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research 9(1):010104.

Savinainen, Antti And Philip Scott. 2002. “The Force Concept Inventory: A Tool For Monitoring Student Learning.” Physics Education 37(1):45–52.

Sayre, Eleanor C., Scott V. Franklin, Stephanie Dymek, Jessica Clark, And Yifei Sun. 2012. “Learning, Retention, And Forgetting Of Newton’s Third Law Throughout University Physics.” Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research 8(1):010116.

Serway, Raymond A. And John W. Jewett. 2018. Physics For Scientists And Engineers With Modern Physics. Cengage Learning.

Shiha, Salisa Nun. 2014. “Pengembangan Alat Peraga Percepatan Benda Untuk Menunjang Pembelajaran Fisika Pada Materi Hukum Newton Tentang Gerak.” Inovasi Pendidikan Fisika 3(2).

Singh, Chandralekha And Christian D. Schunn. 2016. “Connecting Three Pivotal Concepts In K-12 Science State Standards And Maps Of Conceptual Growth To Research In Physics Education.” Arxiv:1603.06024 [Physics].

Smith, Trevor I. And Michael C. Wittmann. 2007. “Comparing Three Methods For Teaching Newton’s Third Law.” Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research 3(2).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v4i7.12371

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Muh. Rozaqul Fadlli, Sutopo Sutopo, Wartono Wartono

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License