Penggunaan Strategi Kognitif Mahasiswa Critical Language Scholarship 2018 pada Keterampilan Berbicara

Mufidah Nur Amalia, Suparno Suparno, Sunaryo Sunaryo

Abstract


Abstract: This research was aimed to describe the types of cognitive strategies used by CLS 2018 students in speaking skills. This study uses a qualitative approach to the type of ethnographic research. The results showed that CLS 2018 students used 12 types of cognitive strategies in speaking skills, namely (1) repetition, (2) search for learning resources, (3) grouping, (4) deduction or induction, (5) substitution, (6) elaboration , (7) conclude, (8) imagine, (9) transfer, (10) practice, (11) receive and send messages, and (12) analyze and express opinions. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeksripsikan jenis strategi kognitif yang dipakai oleh mahasiswa Critical Language Scholarship 2018 dalam keterampilan berbicara. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian etnografi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa Critical Language Scholarship 2018 menggunakan 12 jenis strategi kognitif dalam keterampilan berbicara, yaitu (1) pengulangan, (2) pencarian sumber belajar, (3) pengelompokkan, (4) deduksi atau induksi, (5) subtitusi, (6) elaborasi, (7) menyimpulkan, (8) membayangkan, (9) mentransfer, (10) mempraktikkan, (11) menerima dan mengirimkan pesan, dan (12) menganalisis dan mengemukakan pendapat.

Keywords


learning strategy; students CLS; speaking skill strategi belajar; mahasiswa critical language scholarship; keterampilan berbicara

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustina, W., & Wardani, E. W. (2013). Implementasi Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia bagi Penutur Asing di UPT P2B

Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra,1(2), 140—154.

Chaer, A. 2007. Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Chammot, Anna, U., & Kupper, L. (1989). Learning Strategies in Foreign Language Instruction. Foreign Language Annals,

(1), 13—22.

Hardan, A.A. (2012). Language Learning Strategies: A General Overview. Social and Behavioral

Science, 2(5), 1712—1726. Diperoleh dari www.ijhssnet.com?journals/Vol_2_No_5_March_2012/20.pdf.

Kartikasari, S., Salam, U., & Novita, D. (2015). Language Learning Strategies in Learning English.

Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran, 4(11), 1—13.

Khasinah. S. (2014). Factors Influencing Second Language Acquisition. Englisia, 1(2), 256—269.

Macaro, E. (2001). Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms. London: CPD, Ebbw Vale.

Morrison, G. R. (2004). Designing Effective Instruction. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Mulyana, D. (2007). Ilmu Komunikasi: Suatu Pengantar. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

O’Malley, J. Michael., & Chammot, A. U. (1990). Learning Strategie in Second Language Acquisition. New York:

Cambridge University Press.

Rani, A., Arifin, B. & Martutik. (2013). Analisis Wacana. Malang: Surya Pena Gemilang.

Rebecca, L. (1990). Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know. New York: Newbury House

Publisher.

Rohim, S. (2009). Teori Komunikasi: Perspektif, Ragam, dan Aplikasi. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Sari, N. P. A. W., Sutama, I. M., & Utama, I. D. G. B. (2016). Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia bagi

Penutur Asing (BIPA) di Sekolah Cinta Bahasa, Ubud, Bali. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Undiksha, 5(3), 1—11.

Setyonegoro, A. (2013). Hakikat, Alasan, dan Tujuan Berbicara (Dasar Pembangun Kemampuan Berbicara Mahasiswa). Pena:

Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra, 3(1), 67—80.

Simsek, A. (2010). Learning Strategies of Successful and Unsuccessful University Students. Contemporary Educational

Technologi, 1(1), 36—45.

Subali, E. (2015). Konsep Bilingualisme dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia bagi Penutur Asing. Jurnal Sosial Humaniora,

(1), 106—119. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j24433527.v8i1.1246

Susanto, G. (2014). Strategi Belajar Bahasa Indonesia Mahasiswa Critical Languange Scholarship Tingkat Pemula di Program

BIPA Fakultas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang.

Utomo, P. (1998). Strategi Belajar Secara Kooperatif dalam Pembelajaran Membaca Pemahaman Bacaan Ilmu Pengetahuan

di Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang.

Webb, S. (2007). The Effects of Synonymy on Second-Language Vocabulary Learning. Reading in a Foreign Language, 19(2),

—136.

Wolcott, H. F. (1994b). Transforming Qualitative Data: Description, Analysis, and Interpretation. California: Sage

Publications.

Wong, J. (2000). Repetition in Conversation: A Look at “First and Second Sayings”. Research on Language and Social

Interaction, 33(4), 407—424. Diperoleh dari https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248942934_Repetition_ in_Conversation_A_Look_at_First_and_Second_Sayings.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v3i12.12557

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Mufidah Nur Amalia, Suparno Suparno, Sunaryo Sunaryo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License