Authentic Learning Berbasis Inquiry dalam Program STEM terhadap Literasi Saintifik Siswa Berdasarkan Tingkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa

Idawati Idawati, Muhardjito Muhardjito, Lia Yuliati

Abstract


Abstract: Scientific literacy is one of the basic skills that must be possessed in the XXI century. The 2015 PISA results show that scientific, mathematical, and reading literacy in Indonesian students is ranked 64th out of 72 countries and it is still relatively low. In the process of learning physics students are very weak in applying physics concepts learned because learning is less stressed on problem solving. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of students 'problem solving abilities in inquiry-based authentic learning in the STEM program on students' scientific literacy. This study was a quasi-experimental study using a 2x2 factorial design. Data collection was carried out by tests conducted before and after the study in the experimental class and the control class. Test results data were analyzed by different tests. The results showed that scientific literacy of students who have high problem-solving skills is higher when learning with authentic inquiry-based learning approaches in STEM programs than conventional, while scientific literacy of students who have low problem-solving abilities is higher when learning with authentic inquiry-based learning approaches in STEM programs rather than conventional.

Abstrak: Literasi saintifik merupakan salah satu keterampilan dasar di abad XXI yang harus dimiliki peserta didik. Pada proses pembelajaran fisika, peserta didik sangat lemah dalam mengaplikasikan konsep fisika yang dipelajari karena pembelajaran kurang menekankan pada pemecahan masalah. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kemampuan pemecahan masalah peserta didik dalam pembelajaran authentic learning berbasis inquiry dalam program STEM pada literasi saintifik peserta didik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi eksperiment dengan menggunakan rancangan penelitian faktorial 2x2. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan tes yang dilakukan sebelum dan sesudah penelitian pada kelas eksperimen dan kelas kontrol. Data hasil tes dianalisis dengan uji lanjut Tukey. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan literasi sainstifik peserta didik yang memiliki kemampuan pemecahan masalah tinggi, lebih tinggi jika belajar dengan pendekatan authentic learning berbasis inquiry dalam program STEM daripada yang belajar dengan cara konvensional dan sedangkan literasi saintifik peserta didik yang memiliki kemampuan pemecahan masalah rendah, lebih tinggi jika belajar dengan pendekatan authentic learning berbasis inquiry dalam program STEM daripada yang belajar dengan cara konvensional.

Keywords


authentic learning; inquiry; STEM program; scientific literacy; program STEM; literasi saintifik

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v4i8.12663

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JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

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