Gesture Anak Autis dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Matematika Materi Penjumlahan Bilangan Bulat

Rizky Nova Damayanti, Subanji Subanji, Cholis Sa’dijah

Abstract


Abstract: Children with autism spectrum disorders or ASD are one of the developmental disorders of the nerves that are characterized by social and communication definitions. Developmental abnormalities in the nerve will affect brain development and child communication. Therefore, when children communicate, a gesture will emerge as a sign the child is communicating to convey the message. Based on this, researchers will conduct research on child gestures that arise in solving math problems. Gesture that appears will be recorded using a camera so that it will be known what gesture appears in the child. The study was conducted on two moderate autistic children with different levels but the same material. This study resulted in the gesture of an autistic child appearing in solving a mathematical problem as a gesture of conformity and incompatibility. Where the suitability of the corresponding gesture shown by the child is like pointing and counting. Whereas for gesture mismatch shows the child turns to another object, calculates with different hand gestures and points but not to solve the problem.

Abstrak: Anak dengan gangguan spektrum autisme atau ASD adalah salah satu kelainan perkembangan pada saraf yang ditandai oleh definisi sosial dan komunikasi. Kelainan perkembangan pada saraf tersebut akan memengaruhi perkembangan otak dan komunikasi anak. Oleh karena itu, ketika anak berkomunikasi, maka akan muncullah gesture sebagai tanda anak berkomunikasi untuk menyampaikan pesan. Berdasarkan hal tersebut peneliti akan melakukan penelitian tentang gesture anak yang muncul dalam menyelesaikan soal matematika. Gesture yang muncul akan direkam menggunakan kamera sehingga akan diketahui gesture apa yang muncul pada anak. Penelitian dilakukan pada dua anak autis sedang dengan jenjang tingkatan yang berbeda tetapi materi yang sama. Penelitian ini menghasilkan bahwa gesture anak autis yang muncul dalam menyelesaikan soal matematika merupakan gesture kesesuaian dan ketidaksesuaian. Dimana kesesuaian berisi gesture yang sesuai ditunjukkan anak, seperti menunjuk dan menghitung. Sementara itu, untuk ketidaksesuaian gesture menunjukkan anak menoleh ke objek lain, menghitung dengan gesture tangan yang berbeda dan menunjuk, tetapi bukan untuk menyelesaikan soal.

Keywords


autistic children; gesture; math question; anak autis; gesture; soal matematika

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v4i9.12690

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JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

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