Penalaran Siswa SMA dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Non-Routine

Fahrun Nisa’, I Made Sulandra, Abadyo Abadyo


Abstract: The purpose of this study is to describe students' reasoning in solving non-routine problems. This study uses descriptive exploratory research with a qualitative approach. This research was conducted on 33 MIPA SMA Laboratory UM students. A subject is taken based on student answers that are complete, correct, from the teacher's recommendations and the results of the analysis that meet five reasoning indicators, namely analysis, synthesis, generalization, justification and resolution of non-routine problems. The results of this study state that the more dominant subject performs the analysis by explaining information, doing the right calculation; then do the synthesis by combining information; generalize by identifying forms; justify by giving reasons as well; solve non-routine problems. Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan penalaran siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal non-routine. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian deskriptif eksploratif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilakukan kepada 33 siswa MIPA SMA Laboratorium UM. Seorang subjek diambil berdasarkan jawaban siswa yang tuntas, benar, dari rekomendasi guru serta hasil analisis yang memenuhi lima indikator penalaran, yaitu analisis, sintesis, generalisasi, justifikasi, dan penyelesaian masalah non-routine. Hasil penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa subjek lebih dominan melakukan analisis dengan menjelaskan informasi, melakukan perhitungan yang benar; kemudian melakukan sintesis dengan menggabungkan informasi; melakukan generalisasi dengan mengidentifikasi bentuk; melakukan justifikasi dengan memberikan alasan; menyelesaikan soal non-routine.


reasoning; reasoning indicators; non-routine question; penalaran; indikator penalaran; soal non-routine

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