PROSES BERPIKIR SISWA TUNANETRA DALAM MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH MATEMATIKA DITINJAU DARI TEORI PEMROSESAN INFORMASI

Indah Syafitri T, Subanji Subanji, Dwiyana Dwiyana

Abstract


This study is a qualitative and placed in UPT SMPLBN Kota Pasuruan. Subjects in this study is a blind student of class IX of the school year 2015/2016. The results showed that the thinking of blind students starts from the stimulus, stimulus in the form of problem enter into the sensory registers of blind students through the sense of tactile and auditory, and into short-term memory after previously through a phase of selective attention and perception, in the short-term memory old information in the form of concepts that are needed in solving the problem called from long-term memory (retrieval), when information leaves short-term memory, there are two possibilities occur that information will lead to long-term memory (encoding) and or will be forwarded towards the environment in the form of responses/answers to students.

Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dan bertempat di UPT SMPLBN Kota Pasuruan. Subjek dalam penelitian ini merupakan seorang siswa tunanetra dari kelas IX tahun ajaran 2015/2016. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proses berpikir siswa tunanetra dimulai dari adanya stimulus, stimulus berupa soal masuk ke dalam sensory register siswa tunanetra melalui indra perabaan dan indra pendengaran, kemudian memasuki short-term memory setelah sebelumnya melalui tahap selective attention dan perception, dalam short-term memory informasi lama berupa konsep-konsep yang dibutuhkan dalam menyelesaikan masalah dipanggil dari long-term memory (retrieval), ketika informasi meninggalkan short-term memory, ada dua kemungkinan yang terjadi yaitu informasi akan menuju ke long-term memory (encoding) dan atau akan diteruskan menuju lingkungan berupa respon/jawaban siswa.


Keywords


thinking process; blind student; problem solving; mathematics problem; theory of information processing; proses berpikir; siswa tunantera; penyelesaian masalah; masalah matematika; teori pemerosesan informasi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bakry, M. B. B. 2015. The Process of Thinking among Junior High School Students in Solving HOTS Question.

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 4 (3), 138—145.

Chamberlin, M. T. 2005. Teachers’ Discussions of Students’ Thinking: Meeting The Challenge of Attending to Students’

Thinking. Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 8, 141—170.

Creswell, J. W. 2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. California (US): SAGE

Publications. Inc.

Creswell, J. W. 2012. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research.

United States of America: Pearson.

Creswell, J. W. 2015. Penelitian Kualitatif dan Desain Riset. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Gagne, R. M. 1983. The Conditions of Learning. Japan: Holt-Saunders International Edition.

Jones, I, dkk. 2015. Assessing Mathematical Problem Solving UsingComparative Judgement. International Journal of

Science and Mathematics Education, 13, 151—177.

Kohanová, Iveta. 2006. Teaching Mathematics to Non-Sighted Students: With Specialization in Solid Geometry. Doctoral

Thesis of Comenius University Bratislava Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Department of Algebra,

Geometry and Didactics of Mathematics, Bratislava. (Online)

Muca, Z. 2014. Issues Concerning the Education and Integration of Blind Students in Albania. Journal of International

Scientific Publications: www.scientific-publications.net, 12, 615—631.

Reynold, C. R., dkk. 2009. Measurement and Assessment in Education. New Jersey: Pearson.

Somantri, S. 2006. Psikologi Anak Luar Biasa. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Wu, Margaret dan Raymond Adams. 2006. Modelling Mathematics Problem Solving Item Responses Using a Multidimensional

IRT Model. Mathematics Education Research Journal,18 (2), 93—113.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jp.v1i7.6528

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan




JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License