PENGEMBANGAN INSTRUMEN ASESMEN BERPIKIR KRITIS UNTUK SISWA SMP KELAS VII PADA MATERI INTERAKSI MAKHLUK HIDUP DENGAN LINGKUNGAN

Dharmawati Dharmawati, Sri Rahayu, Susriyati Mahanal

Abstract


This study aims to generate critical thinking assessment instrument for seven graders within organism interaction in an environment with an appropriate validity and reliability level. The design of this instrument is developed using stages suggested by Borg and Gall. The stages are researching and collecting information, planning, developing a preliminary product, conducting the limited examination, revising product from limited examination, field testing, revising product from field testing, and finalizing product. The result of content and construction validation shows that the level of feasibility is 88,35% and categorized as very feasible. While the degree of readability of assessment items is 93,51% and it is categorized as excellent. The coefficient of inter-rater reliability of assessment items is 0,951 and categorized as excellent. The instrument acquires reliability coefficient 0,792 for multiple choice and 0,753 for essay items. This study shows that the content, construction, and items in assessment are feasible.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan instrumen asesmen berpikir kritis untuk siswa SMP kelas VII pada materi interaksi makhluk hidup dengan lingkungan dengan tingkat validitas dan reliabilitas yang memadai. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan model pengembangan menurut Borg & Gall, yang meliputi langkah-langkah: penelitian dan pengumpulan informasi, perencanaan, pengembangan produk awal, uji coba terbatas, revisi produk uji coba terbatas, uji coba lapangan, revisi uji coba produk lapangan, dan penyempurnaan produk akhir. Berdasarkan hasil validasi isi dan konstruk diperoleh tingkat kelayakan produk sebesar 88,35% berada pada kriteria sangat layak. Tingkat keterbacaan soal asesmen sebesar 93,51% dengan kategori sangat baik. Koefisien inter-rater reliability pada soal asesmen bentuk penugasan sebesar 0,951 dengan kategori sangat baik. Instrumen tersebut mempunyai koefisien reliabilitas sebesar 0,792 (soal pilihan ganda) dan 0,753 (esai). Kesimpulan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  berdasarkan validasi isi, konstruk, dan butir soal adalah layak untuk digunakan.


Keywords


development; assessment instrument; critical thinking; pengembangan; instrumen asesmen; berpikir kritis

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jp.v1i8.6677

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