PENGARUH STRATEGI PROJECT BASED LEARNING (PJBL) TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA KELAS XI IPA PADA MATERI KOLOID

Nur Hikmah, Endang Budiasih, Aman Santoso

Abstract


The 21st century education aims to develop the ability of intelligence of students in order to resolve the problems faced in real life. Project-Based Learning is one instructional strategies to develop the skills required in the 21st century. Through a given project, students are not only required to achieve the learning objectives that have been set, but students will be trained to face the world of work that requires their ability to access, mesintesis, communicating information, and work together to solve complex problems so as to improve the ability of students critical thinking. This research is a quasi-experimental research (quasy experiment) with posttest only control group design. This research aims to determine the influence of Project Based Learning Strategy (PjBL) to the critical thinking skills of students of class XI IPA at SMAN 1 Malua on colloidal material. The research population includes students of class XI IPA at SMAN 1 Malua, with random cluster sampling technique sampling. Data were analyzed using independent sample t-test in SPSS 20 for windows at the 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that the significance level of critical thinking skills of 0.001 which indicates that there are differences between students' critical thinking skills that learned using a strategy of Project Based Learning (PjBL) with students that learned using conventional methods.

Pendidikan abad 21 bertujuan untuk membangun kemampuan intelegensi siswa dalam pembelajaran agar mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan yang dihadapi. salah satu strategi pembelaj aran di abad 21 yang mengembangkan keterampilan siswa ialah Project Based Learning. Melalui proyek yang diberikan, siswa tidak hanya dituntut untuk mencapai tujuan pembelajaran yang telah ditetapkan, tetapi siswa akan lebih terlatih menghadapi dunia kerja yang membutuhkan kemampuan mereka dalam mengakses, mesintesis, mengomunikasikan infomasi, dan bekerja sama memecahkan masalah yang kompleks sehingga dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu (quasy experiment) dengan rancangan penelitian posttest only control group design. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh strategi Project Based Learning (PjBL) terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa kelas XI IPA di SMAN 1 Malua pada materi koloid. Populasi penelitian meliputi siswa kelas XI IPA SMA Negeri 1 Malua, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel cluster random sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan independent sample t-test pada program SPSS 20 for windows pada taraf signifikasi 0,05. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa taraf signifikasi kemampuan berpikir kritis sebesar 0,001 yang menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kemampuan berpikir kritis antara siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan strategi Project Based Learning (PjBL) dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan metode konvensional.


Keywords


project-based learning; critical thinking; project based learning; kemampuan berpikir kritis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bell, S. 2010. Project Based Learning for The 21st Century: Skill for the Future, Routledge Taylor and Francis Group,

(Online) 83:39—43, diakses 14 Juli 2015.

Finken dan Ennis. 1993. Illinois Critical Thinking Essay Test. Illinois Critical Thinking Project. Departement of Educational

Policy Studies University of Illinois. (Online), (http://www.criticalthinking.net/IllCTEssayTestFinken-Ennis12-

LowR.pdf), diakses 03 Februari 2016.

Ledward, B.C. & Hirata, D. 2011. An Overview of 21st Century Skill. Summary of 21 st Century skills for student and

teachers, pacific policy research center. Kamehameha School-Research and Evaluation (Online),

(http://www.ksbe.edu/spi/PDFS/21st%/20Century%20Skills%20Brief.pdf), diakses 10 Oktober 2016.

Susanawati, E. 2013. Pengaruh Strategi Project Based Learning (Pjbl) dengan Think Quest terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir

Kritis Fisika Siswa SMA Negeri 1 Kraksaan. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Tan. 2004. Enchancing Thinking Trough Problem Based Learning Approeches. University of Delaware.

Thomas, J.W. 2000. A Review of Project Based Learning. A Report Prepared for the Autodesk Foundation, San Rafael, CA.

(Online), (http://www.bie.org/files/researchreviewPBL_1.pdf), diakses 05 November 2015.

Utami, L.B. 2011. Pengaruh Penerapan Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek Pada Mata Pelajaran IPA terhadap Keterampilan

Berpikir Kritis dan Penguasaan Konsep Pada Siswa SMPN Kota Blitar. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana

Universitas Negeri Malang.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jp.v1i11.8136

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan




JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License