PEMEROLEHAN FONEM BAHASA INDONESIA ANAK USIA 4 TAHUN 6 BULAN—6 TAHUN

Lidya Devega Slamet, Abdus Syukur Ghazali, Roekhan Roekhan

Abstract


This study aims to describe and explain the 4 years 6 months—6 years children’s acquisition of Indonesian phonem,that are phonem characteristic and distribution of phonems. This study used qualitative research method to approach language acquisition and used cross sectional models. The result of this study are (1) children pronounce vowel [a, i, I, ǝ, e, ɛ, o, O, u, U] and stop consonant [p,b,t,d,k,g,ʔ], nasal [m,n,η,ň] , fricative [s, h], africative [c,j], liquid [l, r], dan glide [w,y] well, (2) children can not pronounce fricative [f], [v], [z], [š], dan [x] well, and (3) children can pronounce vowel and consonant in many distribution as well as adult.

Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pemerolehan fonem bahasa Indonesia anak usia 4 tahun 6 bulan—6 tahun, yaitu karakteristik fonem dan distribusi fonem pada anak. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus model cross sectional.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) anak menguasai vokoid [a, i, I, ǝ, e, ɛ, o, O, u, U] dan kontoid hambat [p,b,t,d,k,g,ʔ], nasal [m,n,η,ň] , frikatif [s, h], afrikatif [c,j], lateral [l], tril [r], dan semivokoid [w,y]  (2) anak belum menguasai kontoid frikatif [f], [v], [z], [š], dan [x], dan (3) anak telah menguasai distribusi fonem bahasa Indonesia seperti pada tuturan standar bahasa Indonesia.


Keywords


children’s phonem acquisition; children’s phonem caracterization; phonems distribution; pemerolehan fonem anak; karakteristik fonem anak; distribusi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brandone, A. C., dkk. 2006. Language Development. George G. (Ed); Minke, Kathleen M. (Ed). Children's needs III: Development, Prevention, and Intervention. (hal. 499-514). Washington DC: National Association of School Psychologists.

Chaer, A. 2013. Fonologi Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Chomsky, N. 1980. On Cognitive Structures and Their Development. Palmarini, M.P (Ed.). The Debate about Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky. London: Roudledge and Kegan Paul.

Clark, H.H & Clark, E. V. 1977. Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. San Diego, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers.

Dardjowidjojo, S. 2000. Echa: Kisah Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak Indonesia. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Eviyanti. 2016. Pemerolehan Fonologi pada Anak Usia 2—3 Tahun, (Online), (http://digilib.unimed.ac.id/542/1/Fulltext.pdf, diakses 5 Desember 2016).

Herschenshon, J. 2007. Language Development and Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jakobson, R. 1968. Child Language Aphasia and Phonological Universal. New York: The Hague.

Jannedy, P. & Weldon.1994. Language Files, Materials for an Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Colombus: Ohio State University Press.

Kepirianto, C. 2010. Pemerolehan Fonologi Anak Usia 8 Tahun pada Masyarakat Bilingual. Makalah Disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional Pemertahanan Bahasa. Semarang.

Krashen, S.D. 1972. Lateralization, Language Learning, and Critical Period: Some New Evidence. Language Learning, Vol 23.

Lenneberg, E.H. 1967. Biological Foundation of Language. New York: Routledge.

Rafiek, M. & Noortyani, S. 2014. Pemerolehan Fonologi Anak di Tiga PAUD Kecamatan Banjarmasin Utara, (Online), (jbsp.unlam.ac.id/index.php/jbsb/article/download/43/42, diakses 30 November 2016).

Weinreich, U. 1979. Language in Contact, Finding and Problems. New York: The Hague.

Yulianto, B. 2001. Perkembangan Fonologis Tuturan Bahasa Indonesia Anak Usia 1;0—2;6 Tahun Berdasarkan Fonologi Generatif. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jp.v2i2.8525

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Lidya Devega Slamet, Abdus Syukur Ghazali, Roekhan Roekhan




JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License