PERLUNYA PEMBELAJARAN MODELLING INSTRUCTION PADA MATERI GELOMBANG

La Jumadin, Arif Hidayat, Sutopo Sutopo

Abstract


This study is aimed to investigate students’ difficulties in learning wave based on research literatures. They consist of eleven international and two national research articles. The study has identified students’ difficulties in understanding mechanical wave, such as wave propagation, superposition, wave characteristic, refraction, and sound. Regarding the difficulties revealed in the literature study, it is suggested to employ alternative ways of teaching by modelling.

Kajian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengkaji kesulitan-kesulitan siswa dalam mempelajari materi gelombang berdasarkan literatur hasil penelitian. Literatur tersebut antara lain sebelas internasional dan dua nasional artikel penelitian. Berdasarkan hasil kajian, kesulitan siswa yang teridentifikasi dalam memahami materi gelombang mekanik antara lain perambatan gelombang, superposisi, karakteristik gelombang, refraksi dan gelombang bunyi. Berdasarkan kesulitan yang ditemukan dalam kajian literatur dianjurkan alternatif pembelajaran pemodelan.


Keywords


wave; modelling instruction; gelombang

Full Text:

PDF

References


Atriyanti, Y, & Subiyanto. H. 2015. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran POE untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Dasar Siswa. Chemistry in Education, 4 (1):61—67.

Aunurrahman. 2009. Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Barniol, P. & Zavala, G. 2016. Mechanical waves conceptual survey: Its modification and conversion to a standard multiple-choice test. Physical Review Physics Education Research.

Caleon, I. S. & Subramaniam, R. 2010. Development and application of a three-tier diagnostic test to assess secondary students’ understanding of waves. International Journal of Science Education, 32(7): 939-961.

DiSessa, A.A. 1993. Towards an epistemology of physics. Cognition and Instruction,10:105—225.

Eshach, H. & J. L. Schwartz. 2006. Sound stuff Naive materialism in middle-school students’ conceptions of sound, Int. J. Sci. Educ. 28, 733.

Eshach, Haim., Tzu-Chiang Lin. & Chin-Chung Tsai. 2016. Taiwanese middle school students’ materialistic concepts of sound. Physical Review Physics Education Research.

Etkina, E., Warren, A., & Gentile, M. 2006. The Role of Models in Physics Instruction. The Physics Teacher, (Online), 43, http://paer.rutgers.edu/ScientificAbilities/Downloads/ Papers/ModelsTPTpublished.pdf), diakses 24 Juni 2016

Etkina, E., T. Matilsky, and M. Lawrence. 2003 “What can we learn from pushing to the edge? Rutgers Astrophysics Institute motivates talented high school students,” J. Res. Sci. Teach. 40:958—985.

Fazio, C., Guastella, I., Sperandeo-Mineo, R. M. &Tarantino, G. 2008. Modelling mechanical wave propagation: Guidelines and experimentation of a teaching-learning sequence. International Journal of Science Education, 30 (11):1491—1530.

Fitriani. 2016. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran IPA Berbasis Masalah Tema Indra Pendengaran dan Indra Penglihatan Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Prestasi Belajar Siswa SMP. Tesis Tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Giancoli, D.C. 2014. Fisika Prinsip dan Aplikasinya. Edisi Ketujuh Jilid 1.Penertbit Erlangga. Jakarta.

Helmi, M.L. 2011. Pengaruh Penggunaan Metode Pemodelan terhadap Peningkatan Pemahaman Konsep Fisika Ditinjau dari Pengetahuan Awal Siswa Kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Jember Tahun Pelajaran 2009-2010. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Hestenes, D. 1987 “Toward a modeling theory of physics instruction,” Am. J. Phys. 55: 440—454.

Hestenes, D. 1997. Modeling methodology for physics teachers. In E. Redish & J. Rigden (Eds.) The changing role of the physics department in modern universities. American Institute of Physics. Part II: 935—957.

Hrepic, Z., Zollman, D. & Rebello, S. 2010. Identifying students’ mental models of sound propagation: The role of conceptual blending in understanding conceptual change. arXiv preprint arXiv:1105.3995.

Hrepic, Z., Zollman, D. & Rebello, S. 2002. Identifying students' models of sound propagation. In Physics Education Research Conference, Boise ID.

Jackson, J., Dukerich, L., & Hestenes, D. 2008. Modeling Instruction: An Effective Model for Science Education. Sicence Educator, (Online), 17 (1):10—17, (http://modeling.asu.edu/modeling/ModInstrArticle_NSELAspr08.pdf), diakses 8

Agustus 2016.

Karamustafaoğlu, S. 2011. Improving the Science Process Skills Ability of Prospective Science Teachers Using I Diagrams. Eurasian Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education, 3

(1):26—38. (Online). http://www.eurasianjournals.com/index.php/ejpce/article/view/641/366, diakses 15 November 2016.

Kennedy, E. M. & John R. de Bruyn. 2011.Understanding of mechanical waves among second-year physics majors. Can. Journal Physic, 89:1155—1161.

Khotimah, K., Viridi, S. & Khotimah, S. N. 2011. Ayunan Sederhana: Pengaruh Panjang Tali, Sudut Awal, dan Massa Bandul terhadap Periode serta Menentukan Konstanta Redaman. In Conference Proceedings in Science.

Kryjevskaia, M., Stetzer, M. R. & Heron, P. R. L.2011. Student understanding of wave behavior at a boundary: The limiting case of reflection at fixed and free ends. AmericanJournal of Physics, 75 (9):508—516.

Kryjevskaia, M., Stetzer, M. R. & Heron, P. R. L. 2012. Student understanding of wave behavior at a boundary: The relationships among wavelength, propagation speed, and frequency. American Journal of Physics, 80 (4):339—347.

Kryjevskaia, M., Stetzer, M. R. & Heron, P. R. L. 2013. Student diffi culties measuring distances in terms of wavelength: Lack of basic skills or failure to transfer? Physics Review Special Topiks - Physics Education Research, 9, 010106.

Linder, C.J. 1992. Understanding sound: so what is the problem? Physics Education, 27: 258—264.

Linder, C.J.1993. University physics students’ conceptualizations of factors affecting the speed of sound propagation. International Journal of Science Education, 15 (6):655—662.

Maurines, L. 1992. Spontaneous reasoning on the propagation of visible mechanical signals. International Journal of Science Education, 14 (3):279—293.

Menchen, K, V. 2005. Investigations of Student Understanding of Sound Propagation and Resonance. Published Thesis. Orono: The Graduate School the University of Maine.

NGSS. 2013. Next Generation Science Standart: For States, By States: Washington DC: The National Academies Press

National Research Council (NRC). 2012. A Framework for K-12 Sciece Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Sanjaya, Wina. 2008. Strategi Pembelajaran Berorientasi Standar Proses Pendidikan. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

Şengören, S, K., Tanel, R., & Kavcar, N. 2009. Students’ Difficulties About the Wave Pulses Propagating On a Rope. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 6 (1):50—59.

Serway, R., A. & Jewett, J.W. 2014. Fisika untuk Sains dan Teknik. Edisi 6 Buku 1. Penerbit Salemba Teknika. Jakarta.

Sujarwanto, E., Hidayat, A. & Wartono. 2014. Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Fisika pada Modeling instruction pada Siswa SMA Kelas XI. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 3 (1):65—78, diakses 2 Agustus 2016.

Surya, Y. 2008. IPA Fisika Gasing 2 untuk SMP/MTs. Jakarta: PT Grasindo.

Sutopo. 2016. Students ’ Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts Of Mechanical Wave. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 12 (1):41—53.

Tongchai, A., Sharma, M.M., Johnston, I.D., Arayathanitkul, K. & Soankwan, C. 2009. Developing, evaluating and demonstrating the use of a conceptual survey in mechanical waves. International Journal of Science Education, 31 (18):2437—2457

Tongchai, A., Sharma, M. D., Johnston, I. D., Arayathanitkul, K., & Soankwan, C. 2011. Consistency of Students ’ conceptions of wave propagation : Findings from a conceptual survey in mechanical waves, 020101: 1—11.

Wells, M., Hestenes, D. & Swackhamer, G. 1995. A modeling method for high school physics instruction, American Journal of Physics 63: 606—619.

Wittmann, M.C., Steinberg, R. N. & Redish, E. F. 1999. Making sense of how students make sense of mechanical waves. Physics Teacher, 37 (1):15—21.

Wittmann, M.C., Steinberg, R.N. & Redish, E.F. 2003. Understanding and affecting student reasoning about sound. International Journal of Science Education, 25 (8):991—1013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i3.8585

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 La Jumadin, Arif Hidayat, Sutopo Sutopo




JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License