KESANTUNAN TUTURAN DIREKTIF DALAM INTERAKSI PEMBELAJARAN DI SMA

Mardiyah Putri Astuti, Widodo HS, Sunoto Sunoto

Abstract


Politeness speech in learning interactions in the classroom tend to be effected through a directive speech. Assessment of form directive speech made by using a guide to the theory and analysis based on speech act theory directive Bach and Harnish. This study aims to determine the form of politeness directive in an interaction study in SMA 1 Batu. Forms directive speech in learning interactions are marked with (1) directive requests, (2) directive question, (3) directive command, (4) The prohibition directive, (5) directive licensing, and (6) the directive advice. The results of the analysis of the forms of speech directive shows that teachers do politeness predominantly through commands, prohibitions, permissions, and advice, while the shape of the directive utterances made by teachers and students to consider cultural aspects.

Kesantunan tuturan dalam interaksi pembelajaran di dalam kelas cenderung dilakukan melalui bentuk tuturan direktif. Pengkajian terhadap bentuk tuturan direktif dilakukan dengan mengggunakan teori dan panduan analisis berdasarkan teori tindak tutur direktif Bach dan Harnish. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bentuk kesantunan direktif dalam interaksi pembelajaran di SMA 1 Batu. Bentuk tuturan direktif dalam interaksi pembelajaran ditandai dengan (1) direktif permintaan, (2) direktif pertanyaan, (3) direktif perintah, (4) direktif larangan, (5) direktif pemberian izin, dan (6) direktif nasihat. Hasil analisis mengenai bentuk tuturan direktif menunjukkan bahwa guru melakukan kesantunan secara dominan melalui perintah, larangan, izin, dan nasihat, sedangkan bentuk tuturan direktif dilakukan oleh guru dan siswa dengan mempertimbangkan aspek budaya.


Keywords


politeness speech; directive; learning interaction; kesantunan tuturan; direktif; interaksi pembelajaran

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i3.8718

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Copyright (c) 2017 Mardiyah Putri Astuti, Widodo HS, Sunoto Sunoto

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JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

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