Eksplorasi Penggunaan Thinking Maps untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa pada Materi Fluida Statis

Utari Dwi Putri, Parno Parno, Edi Supriana

Abstract


Abstract: This research aims to explore the use of thinking maps on students' critical thinking skill in static fluid materials. The type of this research is qualitative research using case study approach conducted on 5 students of class XI MIA 5 SMA Negeri 3 Kediri. The instrument used in the critical thinking skills test use five essay point test with reliability of 0.7 and thinking maps worksheet. Data analysis used in thinking maps that made by students based to MAPPER rubric assessment to be used as a reference to posttest score of students' critical thinking ability. The results of the analysis show that the use of thinking maps helps students to improve students' critical thinking skills in understanding the concept of static fluid.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi penggunaan thinking maps terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa pada materi fluida statis. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif menggunakan pendekatan studi kasus yang dilakukan pada 5 siswa kelas XI MIA 5 SMA Negeri 3 Kediri. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa soal tes kemampuan berpikir kritis berjumlah lima soal uraian dengan reliabilitas sebesar 0,7 dan lembar kerja thinking maps. Analisis data dilakukan pada thinking maps yang dibuat oleh siswa didasarkan pada penilaian rubrik MAPPER untuk digunakan sebagai acuan terhadap skor posttest kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan thinking maps membantu siswa untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa dalam memahami konsep fluida statis.


Keywords


thinking maps; critical thinking ability; static fluid; thinking maps; kemampuan berpikir kritis; fluida statis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, S., & Shariff, A. (2008). The Effects of Inquiry-Based Computer Simulation with Cooperative Learning on Scientific Thinking and Conceptual Understanding of Gas Laws. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 4 (4), 387–398.

Agustin, R., & Hidayat, A. (2016). Makalah Pendamping Peran Pendidik dan Ilmuan dalam Menghadapi MEA ISSN : 2527-6670 Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Melalui Link Map pada Materi Fluida Statis, 34–38.

Ainon Omar, & Intan Safinas. (2016). Thinking Maps to Promote Critical Thinking Through The Teaching of Literature in the ESL Context. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistic, 1 (1), 25–35.

Alikhan, N. (2014). Thoughts on Thinking Maps : A New Way to Think. Los Angeles: New Horizon School.

Chen, Y., Irving, P. W., & Sayre, E. C. (2013). Epistemic game for answer making in learning about hydrostatics. Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.9.010108.

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Book (Vol. 2nd ed). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aenj.2008.02.005.

Datur, I. S., Yuliati, L., & Mufti, N. (2017). Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Materi Fluida Statis melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah Berbantuan Thinking Map, 7 (2), 118-127.

Desinta, F., Bukit, N., & Ginting, E. M. (2017). The Effect of Project Based Learning (PjBL) and Self Regulated Learning toward Students ’ Critical Thinking Skill in Senior High, 7(4), 59–63. https://doi.org/10.9790/7388-0704025963.

Ennis, R. H. (2011). The Nature of Critical Thinking : An Outline of Critical Thinking Dispositions. University of Illinois, 1–8.

Goszewski, M., Moyer, A., Bazan, Z., & Wagner, D. J. (2013). Exploring student difficulties with pressure in a fluid. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1513 (may 2012), 154–157. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4789675.

Hashemi, S. A. (2011). The Use of Critical Thinking in Social Science Textbooks of High School : A Field Study of Fars Province in Iran. International Journal of Instruction Social Science… International Journal of Instruction, 4 (1).

Long, D., & Carlson, D. (2011). Mind the Map : How Thinking Maps Affect Student Achievement. Networks, 13 (2), 1–7.

Loverude, M. E., Heron, P. R. L., & Kautz, C. H. (2010). Identifying and Addressing Student Difficulties with Hydrostatic Pressure. American Journal of Physics, 78 (2010), 75. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3192767.

Loverude, M. E., Kautz, C. H., & Heron, P. R. L. (2003). Helping Students Develop an Understanding of Archimedes’ Principle. I. Research on student understanding. American Journal of Physics, 71 (11), 1178–1187. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1607335.

Marzano, R. (2000). Designing Effective Projects : Thinking Skills Frameworks Marzano ’ s New Taxonomy Marzano ’ s New Taxonomy. Physicist. Retrieved from http://www.mendeley.com/research/designing-effective-projects-thinking-skills-frameworks-marzano-s-new-taxonomy-marzano-s-new-taxonomy/.

Piawa, C. Y. (2010). Building a test to assess creative and critical thinking simultaneously. In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. 2, pp. 551–559). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.062.

Puspita, I., Kaniawati, I., & Suwarma, I. R. (2017). Analysis of Critical Thinking Skills on The Topic of Static Fluid. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 895 (2017), 12100. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/895/1/012100.

Puspitasari, D. R., Yuliati, L., & Kusairi, S. (2014). Keterkaitan antara Pola Keterampilan Berpikir dengan Penguasaan Konsep Siswa pada Pembelajaran Strategi Metakognisi Berbantuan Thinking Map, 4 (2), 142–148. https://doi.org/10.13057/ijap.v4i02.4978.

Salah A. Al-naqa & Mohammed F. Abu-Owda. (2014). The effect of Using Thinking Maps Strategy to Improve Science Processes in Science Course on Female Students of the Ninth Grade. Science Journal of Educattion, 2 (2), 44–49. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjedu.20140202.12.

Savich, C. (2008). Improving Critical Thinking Skills in History. Online Submission, 11(2). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=ED501311&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Seidman, C. (2012). Student Successes With Thinking Maps, 2nd Ed. (Review). Science Teacher, 79(2), 77–78. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=ehh&AN=71143892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Shahibudin, I. (2015). The Impact of Thinking Maps on Enthusiasm, Attitude, and Learning Style : An Action Research Study of Students in Management Course. Science Journal of Education, 3 (5), 107–113. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjedu.20150305.12.

Sulasih, Suparmi, A., & Sarwanto. (2017). Profile of student critical thinking ability on static fluid concept. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 909). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/909/1/012060.

Wartono, W., Hudha, M. N., & Batlolona, J. R. (2018). How are the physics critical thinking skills of the students taught by using inquiry-discovery through empirical and theorethical overview? Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(2), 691–697. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/80632.

Wijaya, C. P., Supriyono Koes, H., & Muhardjito. (2016). The diagnosis of senior high school class X MIA B students misconceptions about hydrostatic pressure concept using three-tier. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 5 (1), 14–21. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v5i1.5784.

Yusrizal. (2016). Analysis of difficulty level of physics national examination’s questions. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 5 (1), 140–149. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v5i1.5803.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v3i5.11086

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Utari Dwi Putri, Parno Parno, Edi Supriana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License