Profil Penguasaan Konsep Siswa SMA pada Materi Suhu dan Kalor

Ina Yuliana, Sentot Kusairi, Ahmad Taufiq

Abstract


Abstract: This study purpose to describe students’ conceptual mastery and knowing the students' difficulties understanding on heat and temperature. This survey research was conducted on 11th grade of mathematic and natural science class in senior high school students.  Data was obtained through reasoned multiple choice questions of conceptual mastery. We found that only 54.8% of students had good conceptual mastery. This shows that students' conceptual mastery is low on heat and temperature. In addition, we found three student’s difficulties, namely: (1) cannot distinguish definition of heat and temperature, (2) don’t know factors that can affect temperature changes and phase changes, and (3) unable to solve heat transfer problem. It is expected that future study can improve students' conceptual mastery through application of appropriate learnings.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan profil penguasaan konsep siswa dan mengetahui kesulitan-kesulitan yang dialami oleh siswa pada materi suhu dan kalor. Penelitian survei ini dilakukan pada siswa kelas XI SMA MIPA. Data diperoleh melalui tes penguasaan konsep berupa soal pilihan ganda beralasan. Kami menemukan bahwa hanya 54.8% siswa yang memiliki penguasaan konsep yang baik. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa penguasaan konsep suhu dan kalor siswa masih rendah. Selain itu, kami menemukan tiga kesulitan siswa, yaitu (1) tidak bisa membedakan definisi suhu dan kalor, (2) tidak mengetahui faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi perubahan suhu dan perubahan wujud, dan (3) tidak mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan perpindahan kalor. Diharapkan kepada peneliti selanjutnya dapat memperbaiki penguasaan konsep siswa melalui penerapan pembelajaran yang sesuai.

Keywords


mastery of concepts; temperature; heat; penguasaan konsep; suhu; kalor

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v4i5.12384

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JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

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