PENGARUH STRATEGI FLOW DIAGRAM DALAM PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI TERBIMBING TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI DAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS

Vinda Nur Fitriana, Parno Parno, Wartono Wartono

Abstract


This study aims to determine differences in higher order thinking skills and science process skills of students learn who use guided inquiry learning with Flow Diagram strategy and guided inquiry learning. The research design uses quasi-experimental with Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. The population in this study were students of class X MIA SMA Negeri 1 Kalitidu the academic year 2015/2016. The sample used in this research is class X MIA 4 as an experimental class and class X MIA 2 as the control class with a total of 2 class of 64 students. Instruments used include high-level thinking skills tests and observation sheets science process skills of students. Data analysis technique used is the multivariate analysis (MANOVA) at the 5% significance level with SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Based on the analysis obtained the following results. (1) There is the influence of higher-order thinking skills to learn to use guided inquiry learning with Flow Diagram strategy (0.000 <0.05); (2) There is the influence of science process skills that students learn to use guided inquiry learning strategy with Flow Diagram strategy (0.000 <0.05).

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi dan keterampilan proses sains siswa yang belajar menggunakan pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing dengan strategi Flow Diagram dan pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing. Rancangan penelitian ini menggunakan kuasi eksperimen dengan Pretest-Postest Control Group Design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X MIA SMA Negeri 1 Kalitidu tahun ajaran 2015/2016. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini, yaitu kelas X MIA 4 sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas X MIA 2 sebagai kelas kontrol dengan keseluruhan siswa dari 2 kelas sebanyak 64 siswa. Instrumen yang digunakan meliputi tes keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi dan lembar observasi keterampilan proses sains siswa. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah dengan analisis multivarian (manova) pada taraf signifikansi 5% dengan bantuan program SPSS 17.0 for windows. Berdasarkan analisis diperoleh hasil sebagai berikut. Pertama, terdapat pengaruh pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing dengan strategi Flow Diagram terhadap keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi (0,000 < 0,05). Kedua, terdapat pengaruh pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing dengan strategi Flow Diagram terhadap keterampilan proses sains siswa (0,000 < 0,05).


Keywords


flow diagram; guided inquiry; higher level thinking skills; science process skills; flow diagram; inkuiri terbimbing; keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi; keterampilan proses sains

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jp.v1i10.7171

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