EMPOWERING CRITICAL THINKING WITH RICORSE LEARNING MODEL

Tri Maniarta Sari, Susriyati Mahanal, Siti Zubaidah

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of Ricosre learning model on students' critical thinking skills. This research was conducted in SMA Negeri 10 dan 4 Malang with total partistipan as many as 136 students. The research design used was nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Data on students' critical thinking skills were obtained from the results of the essay test, and the results were analyzed by Anacova technique. The results showed that Ricosre had an effect on students' critical thinking.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembelajaran Ricosre terhadap  keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMA Negeri 10 dan 4 Malang  dengan jumlah partistipan sebanyak 136  siswa.  Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah  nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design.  Data keterampilan berpikir kritis diperoleh dari hasil tes essay, dan  hasilnya dianalisis dengan teknik  Anacova.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  Ricosre berpengaruh terhadap berpikir kritis siswa.

Keywords


Keterampilan; Berpikir Kritis; Model pembelajaran RICOSRE

References


Boleng, D. T. (2014). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Cooperative Script dan Think-Pair-Share terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis,Sikap Sosial, dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif BiologiSiswa SMA Multietnis. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 2 (2): 76-84.

Cano & Maryinez. (1991). The Relationship Between Cognitive Performance And Critical Thinking Abilities Among Selected Agricultural Education Students. Journal of Agricultural Education. Retrieved from http://pubs.aged.tamu.edu/jae/pdf/vol32/32-01- 24.pdf

Carson, J. (2007). A Problem with Problem Solving: Teaching Thinking without Teaching Knowledge. (vol (12)2: 7-14).

Duron, R., Limbach, B., dan Waugh, W. 2006. Critical Thinking Framework For Any Discipline. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, (vol 17 (2): 160-166).

Eggen, Paul & Don Kauchak (2012) Strategi dan Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT Indeks.

Ennis, R. H (1993) Critical thinking Assessment. Theory Into Practice, (vol. 32 (3): 179-186).

Facione, P. A. (2013) Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts. (Online). (http://spu.edu/depts/health-sciences/grad/documents/CTbyFacione.pdf.), diakses tanggal 17 September 2017.

Fan, L., Zhao, D., Cheang, W. K., Teo, K. M., & Ling, P. Y. (2010). Developing disciplinary tasks to improve mathematics assessment and pedagogy: An exploratory study in Singapore schools. Procedia–Social and Behavioral Sciences, (vol. 2(2), 2000–2005).

Finken, M. dan Ennis, R.H (1993) Illinois Critical Thinking Essay Test. Illinois Critical Thinking Project. Departement of Educational Policy Studies University of Illinois.(Online), (http://www.criticalthinking.net/IllCTEssayTestFinken-Ennis12-1993LowR.pdf), diakses tanggal 17 September 2017.

Hashemi, S.A. (2011) The Use of Critical Thinking in Social Science Textbooks Of High School: A Field Study of Fars Province in Iran. International Journal of Instruction, (vol. 4(1): 63-78).

Karmana, I.W. (2011) Strategi Pembelajaran, Kemampuan Akademik, Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah, dan Hasil Belajar. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, (vol. 17 (5): 378-386).

Kim, K. & Choi, J (2014) The Relationship between Problem Solving Ability, Professional Self Concept, and Critical Thinking Disposition of Nursing Students. International Journals of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, (vol. 6(5): 131-142)

Kurlick ,S. and Rudnick, J.A. (1996) The New Source Book Teaching Reasioning and Problem Solving in Junior and Senior High School. Massachussetts: Allyn & Bacon.

Kurniawati, Z. L., Zubaidah, S., &Mahanal, S. (2015) Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA Negeri Kota Batu Pada Matapelajaran Biologi. Makalah Disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional dan Workshop Nasional Biologi dan Pembelajarannya ke-2. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UM. Malang, 16-17 Oktober 2015.

Kurniawati, Z. L., Zubaidah, S., dan Mahanal, S. (2016) Pemberdayaan Keterampilan Metakognitif Dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Melalui Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Reading-Concept Map-Cooperative Script (Remap-CS). Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, danPengembangan. (vol. 1(4): 617—621).

Lai, E. R. (2011) Critical Thinking: A Literature Review Research report. Washington DC: Pearson.

Mahanal, S. (2017) Model Pembelajaran Ricosre yang Berpotensi Memberdayakan Keterampilan Bepikir Kreatif. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian dan Pengembangan. (Vol 2 No 5).

Mamu, H.D. (2014) Pengaruh Strategi Pembelajaran, Kemampuan Akademik dan Interaksinya terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif IPA Biologi. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, (vol. 2 (1): 1-11).

Ögeyik, M. C. & Akyay, E. (2009) Investigating Reading Habits and Preferences of Student Teachers at Foreign Language Departments Trakya University Faculty of Education Edirne, Turkey. The International Journal of Language Society and Culture ISSN 1327-774X. (Online), (www.educ.utas.edu.au/users/tle/JOURNAL/), diakses tanggal 17 September 2017.

Özbay, M. (2006) Environmental Factor in ReadingEducation. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, (vol. 24: 161-170).

Pólya, G. (1988) How to Solve It. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Rosyida, F., Zubaidah, S., dan Mahanal, S. (2015) Kemampuan Bertanya dan Berpendapat Siswa SMA Negeri Batu pada Mata Pelajaran Biologi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ke-2 Biologi/IPA dan Pembelajarannya di Jurusan Biologi FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang 17 Oktober 2015, Hal 1663-1668. (ISBN: 978-602-73915-4-3).

Saavedra, A. R. & Opfer, V. D. ( 2012). Teaching dnd Learning 21st Century Skills: Lessons from the Learning Sciences, A Global Cities Education Network Report. Retrieved from http://asiasociety.org/files/ rand-1012report.pdf.

Sharma, A. K. & Singh, S. P. (2005) Reading Habits of Faculty Members in Natural Sciences: A Case Study of the University of Delhi. Annuals of Library and Information Studies, (vol. 52:119-123).

Suwardi, Y.P., Kistiyanto, M.S., & Wagistina, S. (2013) Pengaruh Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Cooperative Script terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas X SMA Negeri 7 Malang. (Online). (http://karya-ilmiah.um.ac.id/index.php/Geografi/article/view/26003), diakses 9 Mei 2016.

Voskoglou, M.G. & Buckley, S. (2012) Problem Solving and Computers in a Learning Environment. Egyptian Computer Science Journal, (vol. 36 (4): 28-46).

Yildirim, B. & Özkahraman, S. (2011) Critical Thinking in Nursing Process and Education. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, (vol. 1 (13): 257-262).

Zubaidah, S., A.D. Corebima, dan Mistianah. (2015) Asesmen Berpikir Kritis Terintegrasi Tes Essay. Makalah disajikan pada Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi, Symposium on Biology Education (Symbion) di Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Jogjakarta pada tanggal 4 April 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jps.v6i1.10648


Jurnal Pendidikan Sains

Journal of Science, Mathematics, and Vocational Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPS is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License