Analisis Kesalahan Siswa Kelas X SMK Bergaya Kognitif Reflektif dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Aljabar Berdasarkan Prosedur Newman

Ahmad Fathoni Abas, Toto Nusantara, Sudirman Sudirman

Abstract


Abstract: This research was aimed to describe errors made by students with reflective cognitive style of class X MM SMKN Klakah Lumajang in solving word problems. Two subjects were selected to solve the word problem and then interviewed. The analysis is used the Newman Error Analysis. The results show that at the understanding level, the errors are subject skips important information; the subject does not identify the variable correctly. At the transformation level, the error is subjects unable to write equations correctly. At the proses skill level, the error is students do not continue the calculation process.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesalahan yang dilakukan siswa kelas X MM SMKN Klakah Kabupaten Lumajang dengan gaya kognitif reflektif dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita. Dua subjek dipilih untuk menyelesaikan soal cerita aljabar kemudian dilakukan wawancara. Analisis yang digunakan adalah Analisis Kesalahan Newman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada tahap pemahaman, kesalahannya  berupa; subjek melewatkan informasi penting pada soal; subjek tidak mengidentifikasi variabel dengan tepat. Tahap transformasi kesalahannya berupa subjek tidak mampu menulis persamaan yang sesuai dengan informasi pada soal. Tahap keterampilan proses  kesalahannya berupa siswa tidak melanjutkan proses perhitungan sehingga tidak didapatkan selesaian secara matematis.


Keywords


newman error analysis; reflective cognitive style; algebraic story matter; analisis kesalahan newman; gaya kognitif reflektif; soal cerita aljabar

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v4i2.11986

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