MODEL PEMBELAJARAN RICOSRE YANG BERPOTENSI MEMBERDAYAKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF

Susriyati Mahanal, Siti Zubaidah

Abstract


Creative thinking skill is high order thinking skill which must be empowered in education, because it is an important component in the development of science and technology. Creative thinking skill can be integrated into the curiculum that is implemented through learning activities such as science/biology or other subjects. The aims of this study are to develop RICOSRE learning model to empower the creative thinking skill. The study used the research and development design of PLOMP (1997), which consists of 5 phases, namely (1) initial investigation phase, (2) design phase, (3) realization/construction phase, (4) test, evaluation, and revisions phase, and (5) implementation phase. The result of this study was RICOSRE learning model consist of: Reading, Indentifying the Problem, Contructing the Solution, Solving the Problem, Reviewing the Problem Solving, and Extending the Problem Solving. The product has been validated with the results of content validity and construct validity are very good. The RICOSRE learning model can be implemented in learning to improve students’ creative thinking skill.

Keterampilan berpikir kreatif merupakan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi, yang harus diberdayakan dalam pendidikan karena merupakan komponen penting dalam pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Peningkatan keterampilan berpikir kreatif dapat diintegrasikan dalam kurikulum yang implementasinya melalui kegiatan pembelajaran, di antaranya pembelajaran IPA/Biologi atau mata pelajaran yang lain. Tujuan penelitian ini mengembangkan model pembelajaran RICOSRE untuk memberdayakan keterampilan berpikir kreatif. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian dan pengembangan dari Plomp (1997), yang terdiri atas 5 fase, yaitu (1) fase investigasi awal, (2) fase desain, (3) fase realisasi/konstruksi, (4) fase tes, evaluasi, dan revisi, serta (5) fase implementasi. Hasil penelitian berupa model pembelajaran RICOSRE yang terdiri atas tahap Reading, Indentifying the Problem, Contructing the Solution, Solving the Problem, Reviewing the Problem Solving, and Extending the Problem Solving. Produk telah diuji dengan hasil validitas isi sangat layak dan hasil validitas konstruk sangat layak. Model pembelajaran RICOSRE dapat diimplentasikan dalam pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kreatif.


Keywords


creative thinking skills; RICOSRE learning model; keterampilan berpikir kreatif; model pembelajaran RICOSRE

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd-el Khalick, F. & Lederman, N.G. 2000. The Influence of History of Science Courses on Students Views of Nature of Science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 37 (10):1057—1095.

Aktamis, H. & Ergin, O. 2008. The Effect of Scientific Process Skill Education on Students Scientific Creativity, Scientific Attitude and Academic Achievement, Asia Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, 9 (1).

Antika, L.T., Aloysius Duran Corebima & Siti Zubaidah. 2015. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Reading-Concept Map-STAD terhadap Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa Kelas X SMA Malang. Makalah Seminar Nasional dengan tema “Edubiodiversity: Inspiring Education with Biodiversity.”. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, 4 April 2015.

Arends, R. 2007. Learning to Teach. Seventh Edition. New York: Mc Graw Hill Companies, Inc.

Assaad, F. 1990. Problem Solving and Creative Thinking in CEGEP Curriculum: Evaluation, Recommendations, Course Proposals and Annotated Bibliography. (Online), (https://cdc.qc.ca/parea/704963-assaad-problem-solving-creative-thinking-champlain-PAREA-1990.pdf, diakses 13 April 2017).

Brookhart, S.M. 2010. How to Assess Higher-order Thinking Skills in Your Classroom. ASCD Alexandria, Virginia USA.

Carson, J. 2007. A Problem with Problem Solving: Teaching Thinking without Teaching Knowledge. The Mathematics Educator 2007, 17 (2):7—14.

Coffman, D.M. 2013. Thinking about Thinking: An Exploration of Preservice Teachers’ Views about Higher Order Thinking Skill. University of Kansas. (Online), (https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/bitstream/handle/1808/15086/Coffman_ku_ 0099D_12928_DATA_1.pdf?sequen ce=1).

Coughlan, A. 2007. Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking. DCU Student Learning Resources. (Online), (https://www4.dcu.ie/sites/default/files/students/studentlearning/creativeandcritical.pdf).

Craft, A. 2003. Creative Thinking in the Early Years of Education. Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 23 (2):143—154.

Dinnurriya, M.S., Siti Zubaidah & Susriyati Mahanal. 2015. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Reading-Concept Map-Number Head Together untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa Kelas X SMAN 9 Malang. Makalah Seminar Nasional dengan tema Edubiodiversity: Inspiring Education with Biodiversity. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, 4 April 2015.

Dogru, M. 2008. The Application of Problem Solving Method on Science Teacher Trainees on the Solution of the Environmental Problems. Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 3 (1):9—18.

Duke, N.K. & Pearson, P.D. 2002. Effective Practices for Developing Reading Comprehension. In A.E. Farstrup & S.J. Samuels (Eds.), What Research has to say about Reading, Third Edition. (pp. 205–242). International Reading Association, Inc

Eggen, P. & Kauchak, D. 2012. Strategies and Models for Teachers: Teaching Content and Thinking Skills, 6th Edition. Boston: Allyn Bacon, A Pearson Education Company.

Eragamreedy, N. 2013. Teaching Creative Thinking Skills. Tesis. IJ-ELTS: International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies Libya: The University of Sebha.

Freund, L.S. 1990. Maternal Regulation of Children's Problem-Solving Behavior and Its Impact on Children's Performance. Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development. DOI: 10.2307/1131052

Grifftih, G.K. & Hamza, G. M. 2006. Fostering Problem Solving & Creative Thinking in the Classroom: Cultivating a Creative Mind! National Forum of Applied Educational Research Journal-Electronic, 19 (3):1—30.

Hasan, A. 2014. Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Reading Map Student Teams Achievement Divisions untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Biologi Peserta Didik Kelas X IPA SMA Insan Cendekia Shalahudin Malang. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Hennessey, B.A. & Amabile, T.M. 2010. Creativity. Annual Review of Psychology. (Online), 61(1):569—598, (https://llk.media.mit.edu/courses/readings/HennesseyCrRev.pdf).

Indrawati. 2005. Pembelajaran Kontekstual Pola Pemberdayaan Berpikir melalui Pertanyaan (PBMP) Berbasis Inkuiri Sains untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses dan Life Skill Siswa SMPN 18 Malang. Skripsi tidak diterbitkan. FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang.

Joyce, W. & Weil, M. (with Calhoun, E). 2004. Models of Teaching. Seventh Edition. Boston: Allyn Bacon, A Pearson Education Company.

Kashani-Vahid, L., Afrooz, GA., Shekoohi-Yekta, M., Kharrazi, K. & Ghobari, B. 2017. Can a Creative Interpersonal Problem Solving Program Improve Creative Thinking in Gifted Elementary Students? Thinking Skills and Creativity. (Online), (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2017.02.011).

Ketabi, S., Zabihi, R. & Ghadiri, M. 2013. Bridging Theory and Practice: How Creative Ideas Flourish through Personal and Academic Literacy Practices. In International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology. 2 (2):61—70

Kirtikar, R. 2013. A Problem-Solving Approach for Science Learning. New Perspectives in Science Education, 2nd Edition. (Online), (230-STM14-FP-Kirtikar-NPSE2013,pdf-Adobe Acrobat Reader DC).

Krulick, S. & Rudnick, J.A. 1988. Problem Solvinga Handbook for Elementary School Teachers. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Krulick, S. & Rudnick, J.A. 1996. The New Source Book Teaching Reasioning and Problem Solving in Junior and Senior High School. Massachussetts: Allyn & Bacon.

Kurniawati, Z.L., Rosyida, F., Sholihah, M., Zubaidah, S& Mahanal, S. 2015. Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA Negeri Kota Batu pada Mata Pelajaran Biologi. Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional dan Workshop Nasional Biologi dan Pembelajarannya ke-2. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UM. Malang, 16—17 Oktober 2015.

Lai, E.R. 2011. Critical Thinking: A Literature Review Research Report. Washington DC: Pearson.

Latif, M.A., Aloysius Duran Corebima & Siti Zubaidah. 2015. Minat Baca dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa Peserta Didik pada Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Reading-Concept Map-TGT. Makalah Seminar Nasional dengan tema “Edubiodiversity: Inspiring Education with Biodiversity.”. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, 4 April 2015.

Leen, C.C., Hong, H., Kwan, F.F.H. & Ying, T.W. 2014. Creative and Critical Thinking in Singapore Schools. Singapore: National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University.

Llewellyn, D. 2013. Teaching High Schol Science through Inquiry and Argumentation. Singapura: Corwin Sage Publication.

Mahanal, S., Zubaidah, S., Nugrahaningsih, & Tenzer, A. 2006. Penerapan Pembelajaran berdasarkan masalah dengan Strategi Kooperatif Model STAD (Student Teams-Achievement Divisions) pada Mata pelajaran IPA-Biologi untuk Meningkatkan Ketrampilan Proses dan Kemampuan Berpikir Siswa SMP-SMA dengan Setting Wilayah Pertanian di Malang. Lemlit, Universitas Negeri Malang, November 2006.

Mahanal, S. 2009. Pengaruh Perangkat Pembelajaran Deteksi Kualitas Sungai dengan Indikator Biologi Berbasis Proyek terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa SMA di Kota Malang. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Mahanal, S. 2014. Peran Guru dalam Melahirkan Generasi Emas dengan Keterampilan Abad 21. Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional Pendidikan HMPS Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Halu Oleo Kendari, Kendari, 20 September 2014.

Mahanal, S. & Siti Zubaidah. 2016. Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Pemecahan Masalah untuk Memberdayakan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SMA. LP2M Universitas Negeri Malang, November 2016.

McLeod, S. 2014. "Developmental Psychology: Lev Vygotsky. Simply Psychology. (Online). (http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html).

Meador, K.S. 2003. Thinking Creativity about science-suggestions for primary teachers. Gifted Child Today, 26 (1):25—30.

Meissner, H. 2006. Creativity and Mathematics Education. Elementary Education Online. 5 (1):65—72.

Mettes, C. T. C. W., Pilot, A., Roossink, H. J. & Kramers-Pals, H. 1980. Teaching and Learning Problem Solving in Science. Part I: A general strategy. Journal of Chemical Education. 57 (12):882—885.

Mistianah., Aloysius Duran Corebima & Siti Zubaidah. Perbedaan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Biologi antara Siswa yang diberi Model Pembelajaran Biologi Reading-Concept Map-GI dengan Reading-Concept Map-Jigsaw di SMA Negeri Kota Malang. Makalah Seminar Nasional dengan tema “Edubiodiversity: Inspiring Education with Biodiversity.”. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, 4 April 2015.

Mukhopadhyay, R. 2013. Problem Solving in Science Learning-Some Important Considerations of a Teacher. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS). (Online), 8 (6):21—25, (www.Iosrjournals.Org, diakses 15 April 2017).

Nieveen, N. 2010. Formative Evaluation in Educational Design Research. In Plomp & Nieven (Eds), An Introductionto Educational Design Research (pp 89—101). Netherlands: Netherlands Institute for Curriculum Development (SLO.)

Olatunji, M. 2012. John Dewey’s Pragmatic Problem Solving Method and the Hiv/Aids Scourge in Nigeria. The African Symposium: An Online Journal of the African Educational Research Network. (Online), 12 (1):342—343, (https://www.ncsu.edu/aern/TAS12.1/TAS12.1Olatunji.pdf, diakses 15 April 2107).

Pangestuti, A.A., Herawati Susilo & Siti Zubaidah. 2014. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Reading – Concept Map–Teams Games Tournaments untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa Kelas X IPA 4 SMA Laboratorium UM. Makalah disajikan pada Seminar Nasional XI bertema Biologi, Sains, Lingkungan, dan Pembelajarannya di Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, 7 Juni 2014.

Pasaribu, I.L. 1983. Proses BelajarMengajar. Bandung: Tarsito.

Piaw, C.Y. 2010. Building a test to assess creative and critical thinking simultaneously. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2:551—559.

Plomp, T. 1997. Educational and Training System Design. Enschede, Netherlands: Twente University.

Pólya, G. 1988. How to Solve It. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Prasmala, E.R. 2014. Penerapan Model Reading Map Group Investigation (GI) untuk Meningkatkan Minat Baca, Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis, Kesadaran Metakognitif, dan Hasil Belajar Biologi Siswa Kelas X SMA Surya Buana Malang. Tesis tidak ditebitkan. Malang: Pacasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Ratnawati, L., Siti Zubaidah & Aloysius Duran Corebima. 2015. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Reading-Concept Map-Jigsaw terhadap Minat Baca dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa Kelas X SMA Malang. Makalah Seminar Nasional dengan tema “Edubiodiversity: Inspiring Education with Biodiversity”. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, 4 April 2015.

Ratumanan, T.G. 2003. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran dan Gaya Kognitif terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika Siswa SLTP di Kota Ambon. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar 5 (1):1—10.

Rebori, M.K. 2007. Effective Problem-Solving Techniques for Groups. Journal of Cooperative Extension. (Online), (ioer.ilsharedlearning.org).

Robinson, K. 2006. Do Schools Kill Creativity? In Presentation at TED2006 conference, Monterey, CA. Dari https://www.ted.com/talks/ken_robinson_says_schools_kill_creativity

Robitah, A. 2014. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Inkuiri dan Creative Problem Solving (CPS) terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif, Keterampilan Proses Ilmiah dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa Kelas X. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Rosyida, F., Siti Zubaidah & Susriyati Mahanal. 2016. Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa dengan Pembelajaran Reading Concept Map-Timed Pair Share (Remap-TmPS). Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan. (Online), 1 (4):622—627, (http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jptpp/article/view/6207/2642, diakses 15 April 2017).

Saxena, S.P. 1994. Creativity and Science Education. (Online), (http//www.education.nic.in/ed 50 years/q6J/ BJ/ 6JBJ0401.html, access on 27 January 2017).

Setiawan, D., Siti Zubaidah & Susriyati Mahanal. 2015. Minat Baca dan Keterampilan Metakognitif pada Pembelajaran Biologi berbasis Reading-Concept-Map Think Pair Share. Makalah Seminar Nasional dengan tema “Edubiodiversity: Inspiring Education with Biodiversity.” Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, 4 April 2015.

Sharp, C. 2004. Developing Young Children’s Creativity. NFER 2 (1):5—12. (Online), (https://www.nfer.ac.uk./nfer/publications/55502/55502.pdf).

Sholihah, M., Siti Zubaidah & Susriyati Mahanal. 2015. Keterampilan Metakognitif Siswa SMA Negeri Kota Batu pada Mata Pelajaran Biologi. Makalah Disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional dan Workshop Nasional Biologi dan Pembelajarannya ke-2. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UM. Malang, 16—17 Oktober 2015.

Silver, E. A. 1997. Fostering Creativity through Instruction Rich in Mathematical Problem Solving and Thinking in Problem Posing (abstrak). ZDM Volume 29 (June 1997) Number 3. Electronic Edition ISSN 1615-679X. Dari https://link.springer. com/article/10.1007%2Fs11858-997-0003-x?LI=true.

Sprainger, N., l Sandral, D & Ferrari, K. 2011. Student Think Aloud – A Window into Readers’ Thinking. Practically Primay. 16 (1):33—36.

Suherman. 2001. Common TextBook Strategi Pembelajaran Matematika Kontemporer. Bandung: UPI Bandung.

Tan, O.S. 2000. Thinking Skills, Creativity and Problem-Based Learning. Paper presented at the 2nd Asia Pacific Conference on Problem - Based Learning: Education across Disciplines, December 4-7, 2000, Singapore.

Treffinger, D.J., Young, G.C., Selby, E.C., & Shepardon, C. 2002. Assessing Creativity: A Guide for Educators. Florida: The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented University of Connecticut.

Vygotsky, L.S. 1978. In M. Cole, V. John-Steiner, S. Scribner and E. Souberman, (Eds.), Mind in society— The development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Wang, Y. 2009. On Cognitive Foundations of Creativity and the Cognitive Process of Creation. International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence, 3 (4):1—18.

Yanti, Y.E., Susriyati Mahanal & Sulasmi, E.S. 2010. Penerapan Strategi Pembelajaran Kooperatif GISTAD (Group Investigation-Student Team Achievement Division) Untuk Meningkatkan Kerja Ilmiah dan Prestasi Belajar Siswa Kelas VII-A SMP Negeri Satu Atap Merjosari Malang. Proceeding Seminar Nasional Lesson Study 3 FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang, 9 Oktober 2010. (Online), (fmipa.um.ac.id/index.php/component/attachments/download/263.html).

Zubaidah, S. 2016. Keterampilan Abad ke 21: Keterampilan yang Diajarkan melalui Pembelajaran: Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional dengan Tema Isu-Isu Strategis Pembelajaran MIPA Abad 21 di STKIP Perdana Katulistiwa Sintang, Sintang, 9 Desember 2016.

Zubaidah, S. 2017. Pembelajaran Kontekstual Berbasis Pemecahan Masalah untuk Mengembangkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis. Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional dengan tema Inovasi Pembelajaran Berbasis pemecahan Masalah dalam Pembelajaran Biologi di Universitas Muhammadiyah Makasar, Makasar, 6 Mei 2017.

Zubaidah, S., Chairuddin & Chasanah, U. 2007. Penerapan Metode Inkuiri dan Reciprocal Teaching untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Siswa Kelas V MI Wahid Hasyim III Malang, Lemlit UM, November 2007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i5.9180

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Susriyati Mahanal, Siti Zubaidah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JPtpp is accredited “Rank 2” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated October 24, 2018, No: 30/E/KPT/2018, effective for five years from Volume 3 Issue 1, 2018 until Volume 7 Issue 8, 2022.


Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, & Pengembangan

Journal Of Education

Graduate School Of Universitas Negeri Malang

Lisensi Creative Commons

JPtpp is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License